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Table 1 Frequency of use of the behaviour change techniques in the 22 studies reviewed

From: Association of behaviour change techniques with effectiveness of dietary interventions among adults of retirement age: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials

(CALO-RE taxonomy item) Behaviour change techniques identified Number of studies or subgroups
(5) Goal setting behaviour 23
(1) Provide information on consequences of behaviour in general 17
(21) Provide instruction on how to perform the behaviour 14
(19) Provide feedback on performance 13
(6) Goal setting outcome 10
(2) Provide information on consequences of behaviour to the individual 9
(27) Use of follow-up prompts 8
(8) Barrier identification/problem solving 7
(37) Motivational interviewing 7
(22) Model/Demonstrate the behaviour 6
(29) Plan social support/social change 6
(10) Prompt review of behavioural goals 5
(24) Environmental restructuring 4
(7) Action planning 3
(28) Facilitate social comparison 3
(16) Prompt self-monitoring of behaviour 3
(23) Teach to use prompts/cues 3
(26) Prompt practice 2
(4) Provide normative information about others’ behaviour 2
(13) Provide rewards contingent on successful behaviour 2
(25) Agree behavioural contract 1
(17) Prompt self-monitoring of behavioural outcome 1
(20) Provide information on where and when to perform the behaviour 1
(35) Relapse prevention/coping planning 1
(33) Prompt self talk 1
(9) Set graded tasks 1
(36) Stress management/emotional control training 1
(38) Time management 1