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Table 3 Published systematic reviews applying the CALO-RE taxonomy of behaviour change techniques

From: Association of behaviour change techniques with effectiveness of dietary interventions among adults of retirement age: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials

Outcome reviewed Reference BCTs identified as with greater effectiveness of interventions BCTs identified as with lower effectiveness of interventions
Increasing physical activity in obese individuals Olander (2013) [11] • `teach to use prompts/cues’  
• `prompt practice’
• `prompt rewards contingent on effort or progress towards behaviour’
  French (2014) [12] • None • `setting behavioural goals’
• `prompting self-monitoring of behaviour’
• `planning for relapses’
• `providing normative information’
• `providing feedback on performance’
Limiting gestational weight gain Gardner (2011) [13] • No obvious differences in the behaviour change techniques employed between effective and ineffective interventions  
Hill (2013) [14] • `provision of information on the consequences of behaviour to the individual’  
• `motivational interviewing’
• `behavioural self-monitoring’
• `providing rewards contingent on successful behaviour’
Promoting weight loss in adults Hatmann-Boyce (2014) [15] • `provide information about others’ approval’ • `prompting focus on past success’
• `provide normative information about others behaviour’ • `prompt self-talk’
• 'model/demonstrate the behaviour’
• `facilitate social comparison’
Preventing and managing childhood obesity Martin (2013) [16] • `provide information on the consequences of behaviour to the individual’  
• `environmental restructuring’
• `prompt practice’
• `prompt identification as role model/position advocate’
• `stress management/emotional control training’
• `general communication skills training’