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Table 1 Characteristics of black and white men and women hospitalized with acute myocardial infarction (AMI)

From: Trends in and disparities for acute myocardial infarction: an analysis of Medicare claims data from 1992 to 2010

  Black women Black men White women White men
Hospitalizations, number (rate per 10,000 Medicare enrollees) a
1992-1993 16237 (61.6) 11958 (73.2) 219273 (72.0) 228751 (113.2)
1994-1995 17774 (63.4) 12889 (75.6) 227347 (72.4) 237520 (112.9)
1996-1997 18541 (64.9) 13351 (77.3) 228918 (72.5) 235828 (110.3)
1998-1999 19562 (67.3) 13167 (75.0) 226734 (71.5) 226984 (104.5)
2000-2001 21100 (70.5) 14091 (77.5) 231992 (72.6) 226802 (102.4)
2002-2003 21918 (71.7) 14595 (77.8) 228463 (71.5) 223957 (99.3)
2004-2005b 18276 (59.3) 12743 (65.7) 190021 (59.9) 187818 (81.5)
2007-2008 17043 (49.3) 11961 (54.3) 169446 (49.9) 170004 (67.2)
2009-2010 16209 (43.1) 11446 (46.7) 148622 (41.0) 153926 (55.6)
Age, mean (standard deviation)
1992-1993 77.1 (7.6) 75.1 (6.8) 78.4 (7.4) 75.5 (6.7)
1994-1995 77.3 (7.7) 75.3 (6.9) 78.7 (7.5) 75.8 (6.8)
1996-1997 77.8 (7.8) 75.7 (7.1) 79.4 (7.6) 76.4 (7.0)
1998-1999 78.6 (8.0) 76.1 (7.2) 80.1 (7.7) 77.1 (7.1)
2000-2001 79.0 (8.2) 76.5 (7.4) 80.6 (7.8) 77.5 (7.3)
2002-2003 79.2 (8.3) 76.4 (7.5) 80.9 (7.9) 77.7 (7.4)
2004-2005 79.7 (8.3) 76.6 (7.5) 81.2 (8.0) 78.1 (7.5)
2007-2008 79.8 (8.7) 76.5 (7.7) 81.5 (8.3) 78.1 (7.9)
2009-2010 79.7 (8.7) 76.3 (7.8) 81.6 (8.4) 78.1 (8.1)
Comorbidity, number (%) c
Diabetes
1992-1993 5671 (34.9) 2855 (23.9) 50955 (23.2) 44725 (19.6)
1994-1995 6975 (39.2) 3648 (28.3) 58780 (25.9) 53720 (22.6)
1996-1997 7700 (41.5) 4004 (30.0) 60433 (26.4) 56631 (24.0)
1998-1999 7993 (40.9) 4146 (31.5) 60627 (26.7) 57138 (25.2)
2000-2001 8639 (40.9) 4608 (33.7) 61893 (26.7) 59138 (26.1)
2002-2003 8646 (39.5) 4815 (33.0) 59646 (26.1) 58803 (26.3)
2004-2005 7021 (38.4) 4171 (32.7) 48017 (25.3) 48774 (26.0)
2007-2008 6262 (36.7) 3791 (31.7) 40832 (24.1) 43512 (25.6)
2009-2010 5867 (36.2) 3589 (31.4) 35738 (24.1) 39389 (25.6)
Congestive heart failure, number (%) c
1992-1993 7662 (47.2) 4895 (40.9) 98207 (44.8) 86088 (37.6)
1994-1995 8433 (47.4) 5403 (41.9) 103382 (45.5) 89728 (37.8)
1996-1997 9149 (49.3) 5928 (44.4) 105829 (46.2) 91840 (38.9)
1998-1999 9883 (50.5) 5897 (44.8) 106226 (46.8) 89515 (39.4)
2000-2001 10501 (49.8) 6335 (45.0) 107129 (46.2) 88753 (39.1)
2002-2003 10892 (49.7) 6565 (45.0) 107208 (46.9) 89274 (39.9)
2004-2005 9375 (51.3) 5775 (45.3) 91500 (48.2) 77046 (41.0)
2007-2008 7989 (46.9) 5189 (43.4) 75421 (44.5) 63959 (37.6)
2009-2010 7439 (45.9) 4817 (42.1) 64552 (43.4) 56955 (37.0)
Obesity, number (%) c
1992-1993 375 (2.3) 101 (0.8) 3888 (1.8) 2752 (1.2)
1994-1995 609 (3.4) 176 (1.4) 5458 (2.4) 3899 (1.6)
1996-1997 696 (3.8) 190 (1.4) 6194 (2.7) 4695 (2.0)
1998-1999 701 (3.6) 227 (1.7) 6172 (2.7) 4873 (2.2)
2000-2001 825 (3.9) 257 (1.8) 6540 (2.8) 5322 (2.4)
2002-2003 954 (4.4) 298 (2.0) 6528 (2.9) 5820 (2.6)
2004-2005 834 (4.6) 286 (2.2) 5860 (3.1) 5410 (2.9)
2007-2008 819 (4.8) 313 (2.6) 5478 (3.2) 5802 (3.4)
2009-2010 864 (5.3) 353 (3.1) 5329 (3.6) 6009 (3.9)
  1. aThe denominator is all traditional Medicare enrollees in each stratum, that is, black female, black male, white female, and white male; bpatients from calendar year 2006 were excluded as detailed in the Methods section; cThe denominator is AMI patients in each stratum, that is, black female, black male, white female, and white male.