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Table 2 Distribution of some variables in NCWS patients with normal bone density, with osteopenia and with osteoporosis

From: Risk of low bone mineral density and low body mass index in patients with non-celiac wheat-sensitivity: a prospective observation study

  BMI <20 Hb <12 DQ2/DQ8 Marsh 1 Duodenal eosinophils MFS
Normal n = 40 19 (47%) 2 (5%) 22 (55%) 24 (60%) 15 (37%) 10 (25%)
Osteopenia n = 29 17 (59%) 7 (24%) 4 (14%) 12 (41%) 9 (31%) 16 (55%)
Osteoporosis n = 6 6 (100%) 3 (50%) 5 (83%) 3 (50%) 0 (0%) 4 (67%)
  1. MI: χ2t = 5.7, P <0.02; Hb: χ2t = 10.1, P <0.001; multiple food sensitivity: χ2t = 7.8, P < 0.005; HLA DQ2/DQ8: χ2t = 1.2, P = ns; Marsh 1: χ2t = 1.4, P = ns; Duodenal eosinophils: χ2t = 2.5, P = ns. Duodenal lymphocytosis (Marsh 1) was defined as a number of CD3+ >25 IEL/100 epithelial cells. Duodenal eosinophils infiltration was defined as a number of eosinophils >60 per 10 high-power fields. BMI, body mass index; Hb, hemoglobin; IEL, intraepithelial lymphocytes; NCWS, non-celiac wheat sensitivity, MFS, multiple food sensitivity.