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Table 3 Distribution of study sample and weighted prevalence estimates of smoking and smokeless tobacco use according to social factors from a pooled data set of 30 countries in sub-Saharan Africa

From: Prevalence, distribution, and social determinants of tobacco use in 30 sub-Saharan African countries

  Men (n = 169,500) Women (n = 354,927)
  Number (%) Smoking (95% Cl) SLT use (95% Cl) Number (%) Smoking (95% Cl) SLT use (95% Cl)
Overall prevalence   17.17 (16.84, 17.51) 4.47 (4.25, 4.69)   1.27 (1.19, 1.35) 1.84 (1.74, 1.94)
Age group
15–19 35,780 (21.1) 4.08 (3.78, 4.38) 1.06 (0.91, 1.22) 75,541 (21.3) 0.43 (0.34, 0.51) 0.41 (0.34, 0.48)
20–29 51,389 (30.3) 17.05 (16.54, 17.57) 2.94 (2.71, 3.18) 130,014 (36.6) 0.90 (0.81, 0.99) 1.04 (0.95, 1.13)
30–39 39,705 (23.4) 23.09 (22.48, 23.69) 5.24 (4.88, 5.60) 91,373 (25.7) 1.58 (1.45, 1.71) 2.34 (2.18, 2.50)
40–49 27,541 (16.2) 23.81 (23.07, 24.56) 7.58 (7.11, 8.06) 57,999 (16.3) 2.75 (2.53, 2.96) 4.78 (4.49, 5.06)
>50 15,085 (8.9) 20.96 (20.10, 21.82) 10.31 (9.60, 11.02)
Education
No education 35,592 (21.0) 19.88 (19.14, 20.62) 7.13 (6.67, 7.60) 117,279 (33.0) 1.88 (1.73, 2.03) 2.59 (2.40, 2.79)
Primary 59,935 (35.4) 19.27 (18.75, 19.79) 5.59 (5.22, 5.97) 124,961 (35.2) 1.03 (0.93, 1.12) 2.33 (2.17, 2.49)
Secondary 62,493 (36.9) 15.17 (14.71, 15.62) 2.69 (2.46, 2.92) 100,171 (28.2) 0.94 (0.81, 1.06) 0.71 (0.63, 0.79)
Higher 11,454 (6.8) 10.38 (9.66, 11.11) 1.37 (1.07, 1.67) 12,466 (3.5) 1.08 (0.81, 1.35) 0.13 (0.07, 0.20)
Wealth index
Poorest 32,788 (19.3) 21.96 (21.22, 22.70) 7.76 (7.25, 8.27) 70,998 (20.0) 1.68 (1.51, 1.84) 3.52 (3.26, 3.78)
Poorer 31,136 (18.4) 19.09 (18.42, 19.76) 5.85 (5.41, 6.29) 66,794 (18.8) 1.40 (1.24, 1.56) 2.44 (2.25, 2.63)
Middle 31,877 (18.8) 17.67 (17.03, 18.31) 5.15 (4.71, 5.58) 66,309 (18.7) 1.21 (1.08, 1.34) 1.97 (1.80, 2.14)
Richer 33,743 (19.9) 15.79 (15.18, 16.40) 3.29 (2.97, 3.60) 69,322 (19.5) 1.08 (0.96, 1.20) 1.28 (1.13, 1.43)
Richest 39,956 (23.6) 13.41 (12.85, 13.97) 1.79 (1.54, 2.04) 81,504 (23.0) 1.09 (0.95, 1.23) 0.53 (0.44, 0.62)
Religion
Islam 40,417 (23.8) 16.41 (15.75, 17.07) 3.91 (3.54, 4.27) 88,552 (24.9) 0.97 (0.85, 1.08) 1.04 (0.90, 1.19)
Catholic 35,561 (21.0) 20.73 (20.07, 21.39) 5.83 (5.38, 6.29) 73,922 (20.8) 2.53 (2.28, 2.77) 2.60 (2.39, 2.81)
Protestant 27,573 (16.3) 16.62 (15.89, 17.36) 4.64 (4.13, 5.15) 59,540 (16.8) 1.57 (1.37, 1.77) 2.20 (1.98, 2.42)
Other Christian 42,933 (25.3) 11.40 (10.90, 11.90) 2.24 (2.02, 2.46) 88,845 (25.0) 0.59 (0.52, 0.66) 1.21 (1.10, 1.33)
No religion* 16,374 (9.7) 29.46 (28.39, 30.52) 9.44 (8.68, 10.20) 22,189 (6.3) 1.86 (1.59, 2.14) 4.36 (3.89, 4.83)
Marital status
Not in union 68,898 (40.6) 9.75 (9.40, 10.10) 1.58 (1.43, 1.73) 91,974 (25.9) 0.66 (0.57, 0.76) 0.45 (0.38, 0.51)
Married 76,839 (45.3) 20.96 (20.45, 21.47) 6.44 (6.09, 6.78) 189,266 (53.3) 1.12 (1.03, 1.21) 2.20 (2.06, 2.33)
Living together 16,722 (9.9) 23.16 (22.25, 24.08) 6.11 (5.51, 6.71) 42,064 (11.9) 2.35 (2.12, 2.59) 2.03 (1.82, 2.24)
Single¥ 7,041 (4.2) 35.22 (33.69, 36.75) 7.87 (7.01, 8.74) 31,623 (8.9) 2.54 (2.28, 2.80) 3.62 (3.33, 3.92)
Residence
Urban 59,640 (35.2) 15.79 (15.27, 16.31) 2.34 (2.11, 2.57) 121,955 (34.4) 1.23 (1.11, 1.36) 0.73 (0.64, 0.81)
Rural 109,860 (64.8) 17.99 (17.55, 18.42) 5.73 (5.41, 6.04) 232,972 (65.6) 1.29 (1.19, 1.39) 2.47 (2.32, 2.61)
Occupation
Unemployed 26,407 (15.6) 6.83 (6.39, 7.27) 1.04 (0.89, 1.19) 125,072 (35.2) 0.84 (0.75, 0.92) 0.86 (0.76, 0.95)
Professional× 26,906 (15.9) 14.56 (13.92, 15.21) 2.37 (2.11, 2.63) 72,130 (20.3) 1.19 (1.05, 1.33) 0.88 (0.77, 0.99)
Agriculture 71,494 (42.2) 19.96 (19.39, 20.52) 7.39 (6.96, 7.82) 104,653 (29.5) 2.12 (1.92, 2.31) 3.70 (3.46, 3.95)
Unskilled 44,693 (26.4) 20.69 (20.11, 21.26) 3.52 (3.24, 3.80) 53,072 (15.0) 0.94 (0.81, 1.07) 2.10 (1.90, 2.30)
  1. Totals do not add up to total sample of men and women for some categories of social factors including number of respondents who smoke tobacco or use SLT due to missing values.
  2. In most countries except Tanzania, Swaziland, Namibia, and Liberia men older than 49 years (up to 54, 59, or 64 years) were surveyed.
  3. Includes various Christian faiths such as Adventist, Pentecostal, Eglise, Zionist, etc.
  4. *Includes traditional religions such as Vodoun in Benin, Animism, etc.
  5. Information about religion was not collected in Tanzania and Niger.
  6. ¥Single includes widowed, divorced, separated, and not living together any longer.
  7. ×Professional includes technical, manager, clerical, and business or sales; unskilled/manual includes household and domestic work other than agriculture.