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Table 5 Clinical predictors of re-transfusion in children transfused at least once (n = 1,387)

From: Anaemia and blood transfusion in African children presenting to hospital with severe febrile illness

Admission variable Odds ratio (95% CI) P value
Haemoglobin at admission (per 1 g/dL increase) 0.68 (0.60–0.76) <0.001
Lactate at admission (per 1 mmol/L increase) 1.01 (0.98–1.05) 0.57
Consciousness level   
Prostration (inability to sit or breastfed if <8 months) 0.94 (0.62–1.44) 0.77
Coma (inability to localise a painful stimulus) 0.25 (0.12–0.51) <0.001
Clinical jaundice 1.42 (0.98–2.06) 0.06
Indrawing 0.97 (0.66–1.41) 0.86
Deep breathing (Kussmaul’s breathing) 1.30 (0.92–1.83) 0.14
Capillary refill time ≥3 s 1.08 (0.78–1.49) 0.65
Dehydration 1.64 (1.03–2.61) 0.04
Severe pallor* 14.4 (1.88–104.9) 0.01
Severe tachycardia 0.69 (0.51–0.93) 0.02
Site   
Mbale, Uganda 1 (ref)  
Kilifi, Kenya 0.15 (0.02–1.21) 0.08
Mulago, Uganda 2.36 (1.42–3.92) 0.001
Soroti, Uganda 0.82 (0.52–1.29) 0.39
Lacor, Uganda 0.84 (0.40–1.75) 0.64
Teule, Tanzania 0.29 (0.06–1.35) 0.12
  1. *Only 7% of the children included in this model did not have pallor at baseline and there are a small number of events in this group, giving a wide confidence interval.