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Table 4 Association between dietary patterns and risk of each frailty criterion during a 3.5-year follow-up of robust older adults at baseline

From: Major dietary patterns and risk of frailty in older adults: a prospective cohort study

  Prudent pattern Westernized pattern  
  Tertile 1 Tertile 2 Tertile 3 P -trend Tertile 1 Tertile 2 Tertile 3 P- trend
Frailty criteria         
   Exhaustion, n events 57 42 39   40 50 48  
  Odds ratio (95% CI) Ref. 0.83 (0.53–1.30) 0.75 (0.44–1.26) 0.27 Ref. 1.40 (0.89–2.21) 1.58 (0.96–2.58) 0.07
   Low physical activity, n events 53 80 68   52 70 79  
  Odds ratio (95% CI) Ref. 1.46 (0.99–2.17) 0.95 (0.61–1.50) 0.77 Ref. 1.38 (0.98–2.04) 1.46 (0.96–2.21) 0.08
   Slow walking speed, n events 71 64 56   56 55 80  
  Odds ratio (95% CI) Ref. 0.83 (0.55–1.25) 0.74 (0.46–1.18) 0.20 Ref. 1.15 (0.74–1.76) 1.85 (1.19–2.87)* 0.007
   Weight loss, n events 34 29 40   24 30 49  
  Odds ratio (95% CI) Ref. 0.76 (0.44–1.30) 0.80 (0.46–1.41) 0.46 Ref. 1.37 (0.77–2.41) 2.12 (1.22–3.70)* 0.007
   Muscle weakness, n events 95 75 68   90 77 71  
  Odds ratio (95% CI) Ref. 0.93 (0.64–1.35) 0.95 (0.62–1.46) 0.81 Ref. 1.01 (0.70–1.45) 1.09 (0.73–1.63) 0.68
  1. CI, Confidence interval; *P <0.01.
  2. Analyses adjusted as in model 2 in Table 3; n = 1,486.