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Figure 2 | BMC Medicine

Figure 2

From: Tobacco smoking and all-cause mortality in a large Australian cohort study: findings from a mature epidemic with current low smoking prevalence

Figure 2

Relative risks and absolute rates of all-cause mortality in the 45 and Up Study in current and past smokers relative to never-smokers, overall and by decade of birth. Rate/1,000 person-years, indirectly standardised for age using the whole cohort distribution. *RR adjusted for age only (underlying time variable). #RR adjusted for age, region of residence (major cities, inner regional areas, remote areas), alcohol consumption (0, 1–14, ≥15 drinks/week), annual pre-tax household income (AUD <$20,000, $20,000-$39,999, $40,000-$69,999, ≥$70,000), education (<secondary school, secondary school graduation, certificate or diploma, university graduate), and BMI (<20, 20–24.9, 25–29.9, ≥30). RRs are plotted on a log-scale and are represented with squares with areas inversely proportional to the variance of the logarithm of the RR, providing an indication of the amount of statistical information available; 95% CIs are indicated by horizontal lines.

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