Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline characteristics of 33,066 EPIC-NL participants by health behaviour score

From: The impact of a healthy lifestyle on Disability-Adjusted Life Years: a prospective cohort study

  Health behaviour score
Score 0 1 2 3 4
  n = 621 n = 7,192 n = 13,824 n = 9,215 n = 2,214
Gender, % male 36.7 31.2 25.0 23.4 22.8
Age (years) 53.0 ± 9.4 50.8 ± 10.3 49.3 ± 11.7 47.1 ± 12.7 45.2 ± 13.3
Education      
  High 11.4 14.0 18.1 27.5 34.6
  Middle 33.7 38.1 40.3 42.5 42.8
  Low 54.9 48.0 41.6 30.1 22.6
Smoking status      
  Never 0.0 4.7 33.6 19.6 100
  Former 41.6 49.3 32.5 62.3 0.0
  Current 58.5 46.0 34.0 18.1 0.0
Physical activity      
  Active 0.0 36.4 43.7 46.5 50.1
  Moderately active 0.0 23.2 27.2 29.1 27.1
  Moderately inactive 0.0 25.7 25.4 23.5 22.9
  Inactive 100 14.7 3.7 1.0 0.0
BMI (kg/m2) 29.1 ± 3.7 28.0 ± 3.5 25.8 ± 3.9 23.9 ± 3.3 22.4 ± 1.6
Waist (cm) 95.7 ± 10.7 91.6 ± 10.8 85.3 ± 10.9 80.4 ± 9.6 76.6 ± 6.9
mMDS score 3,0 ± 1,0 3.1 ± 1.0 3.8 ± 1.4 4.7 ± 1.4 5.6 ± 0.8
Energy intake (g/day) 1976 ± 584 2044 ± 609 2057 ± 614 2082 ± 610 2113 ± 590
Ethanol (g/day) 14.5 ± 20.2 13.3 ± 18.0 11.2 ± 15.3 9.8 ± 13.0 7.5 ± 10.1
  1. Baseline characteristics are presented as mean ± SD or %. mMDS, Modified Mediterranean Diet Score.