Day 28 survival estimates. PCR adjusted recrudescence estimates on day 28 were generated using Kaplan-Meier method stratified by study sites for loose NFDC-25 [red], loose NFDC-30 [orange], co-blistered NFDC [green] and FDC [blue]. The associated error bars are 95% confidence interval (CI) for survival estimates. 95% CIs were generated using Wilson’s method in case of no failures using the number of patients at risk on day 28. Unpublished studies are represented by *. ** The risk of recrudescence by day 28 was significantly higher in three study sites (Kailahun (Sierra Leone), Kisumu (Kenya) and Rukara (Rwanda)), where patients were treated with loose NFDC-30 compared to the other study sites in the loose NFDC-30 category (hazards ratio (HR) = 6.27 [95% CI:2.40-16.32], P < 0.001). Patients treated with loose NFDC-30 in these three sites were at higher risk of recrudescence (HR = 8.40 [95% CI: 3.23-21.83], P < 0.001) compared to patients treated with FDC and those treated with co-blistered NFDC (HR = 8.22 [95% CI: 2.66-25.40], P < 0.001). The risk of recrudescence was similar between patients treated with loose NFDC-30 in the other sites compared to those treated with FDC (HR = 1.34 [95% CI: 0.77-2.34]; P = 0.300) or co-blistered NFDC (HR = 1.31 [95% CI: 0.59-2.87], P = 0.500). All the HR was derived from univariable Cox model with study sites fitted as random effect.