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Table 3 Coverage of asthma self-management education topics by information apps

From: The evolution of mobile apps for asthma: an updated systematic assessment of content and tools

  2011 (n = 23) New 2013 (n = 44) ¤   All 2013 (n = 59) ¤
Educational topic No Partially Wholly % No Partially Wholly % P value No Partially Wholly %
Basic facts about the nature of the condition 2 15 6 91% 9 26 9 80% 0.510 10 37 12 83%
Allergen and trigger avoidance 9 12 2 61% 25 19 0 43% 0.094 33 24 2 44%
The nature of treatment: relievers and preventers 11 7 5 52% 22 18 4 50% 0.333 28 25 6 53%
Recognizing and responding appropriately to acute exacerbations 14 7 2 39% 30 9 5 32% 0.728 41 12 6 31%
How to use treatment 16 6 1 30% 27 17 0 39% 0.259 36 22 1 39%
Self-monitoring and assessment skills 16 6 1 30% 27 16 1 39% 0.632 36 20 3 39%
The role of a written, personalized action plan 18 2 3 22% 34 5 5 23% 1.000 46 6 7 22%
Personalizing the definition of good asthma control 17 5 1 26% 29 15 0 34% 0.244 41 18 0 31%
  1. The table compares the proportion of apps containing asthma self-management education information that address guideline-recommended topics either partially or wholly between 2011 and 2013. Apps focusing solely on complementary and alternative medicine were excluded.
  2. The proportion of information apps that wholly or partially address a given educational topic.
  3. Two-tailed probability obtained from the Freeman-Halton extension to Fisher’s exact test of the comparison of topic coverage in apps available in 2011 and those released subsequently. After applying a Holm-Bonferroni correction to control the family-wise error rate at less than or equal to 5%, no comparisons achieved significance.
  4. ¤ New 2013, Apps available in 2013 that were not available in 2011; All 2013, All apps available in 2013, excluding those available in 2011 that were subsequently discontinued.