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Table 3 Characteristics of patients included in the evaluation, by arm

From: Prescriber and patient-oriented behavioural interventions to improve use of malaria rapid diagnostic tests in Tanzania: facility-based cluster randomised trial

Characteristics Control HW arm HWP arm
N p   = 14,217 a N p   = 15,931 N p   = 13,973
Number per facility (median, range) 1227 (477 to 2112) 1325 (295 to 2275) 1233 (560 to 1825)
Age (years)    
<5 5290 (37%) 6144 (39%) 4671 (33%)
5 to 15 3053 (21%) 3320 (21%) 3149 (22%)
>15 5874 (41%) 6467 (41%) 6153 (44%)
Gender    
Male 6308 (44%) 6810 (43%) 6128 (44%)
Female 7909 (56%) 9121 (57%) 7845 (56%)
Presented with fever    
No 4876 (34%) 6088 (38%) 6000 (43%)
Yes 9301 (66%) 9829 (62%) 7967 (57%)
Ear/Soft tissue infection    
No 12324 (87%) 14228 (89%) 12530 (90%)
Yes 1883 (13%) 1690 (11%) 1436 (10%)
Wealth index b    
Poorest 117 (28%) 149 (30%) 216 (42%)
Less poor 159 (37%) 167 (33%) 152 (30%)
Least poor 150 (35%) 187 (37%) 142 (28%)
  1. aNp represents the number of eligible patients included in the evaluation, defined as the period between the end of the RDT training and the end of the trial. Eligible patients were those with a non-severe first consultation. bMeasured only in a sample of patients followed up at home 14 days after they had visited the study facility. Generated through principle component analysis (PCA) and based on ownership of household possessions (for example, electricity, radio, mobile phone, bicycle, and car), access to utilities (for example, toilet type and source of drinking water), and housing characteristics (for example, floor type, fuel) in line with DHS Wealth Index [42] and Vyas et al. use of PCA for socio-economic status [43]. Numbers and percentages are presented unless stated otherwise. RDT, rapid diagnostic test.