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Table 2 Univariate analysis of all stress questionnaire tools and computed total stress score

From: Adverse childhood experiences are associated with spontaneous preterm birth: a case–control study

Questionnaire tool Crude OR 95% CI
Perceived stress 1.01 1.00–1.02
Common stressors 1.09 0.92–1.30
ISEL social support 0.91 0.78–1.06
Life events checklist 1.04 0.91–1.20
COPE adaptive coping 1.02 0.97–1.06
Adverse childhood experience (ACE) 1.26* 1.08–1.48
High ACE score (≥2 ACE)a 2.45* 1.37–4.38
Abuse assessment screen 1.75 0.96–3.20
Childhood and adult abuse 1.40* 1.13–1.74
Depression during pregnancy 1.53* 1.01–2.33
Lifetime history of depression 1.70 0.90–3.24
Total stress 1.46* 1.08–1.96
High stressa 1.86* 1.06–3.28
  1. a Based on median split; *P <0.05