Skip to main content

Table 2 Population prevalence of risk factors for NCDs among men (≥18 years)

From: High prevalence of hypertension and of risk factors for non-communicable diseases (NCDs): a population based cross-sectional survey of NCDS and HIV infection in Northwestern Tanzania and Southern Uganda

Tanzania – Total men Mwanza municipality (number = 77) District towns (number = 153) Rural (number = 275)
  Weighted % (95 % CI)a Unweighted Nb Weighted % (95 % CI)a Unweighted Nb Weighted % (95 % CI)a Unweighted Nb
Smoking       
 Current smoker 18.6 % (7.9–38.0) 14 14.8 % (8.2–25.1) 23 22.7 % (17.1–29.5) 64
 Ex–smoker 8.7 % (3.4–20.5) 6 16.3 % (8.6–28.7) 23 15.6 % (11.7–20.4) 45
 Never smoked 72.7 % (54.4–85.6) 57 68.9 % (58.9–77.5) 107 61.7 % (54.4–68.5) 166
Alcohol consumption       
 Never drinks 58.8 % (51.3–65.9) 46 49.6 % (41.0–58.2) 77 54.8 % (48.2–61.3) 148
 No drinking in past 12 months 12.7 % (8.7–18.3) 10 24.2 % (18.0–31.8) 36 30.0 % (25.1–35.3) 86
 Drinking in past 12 months 28.5 % (23.1–34.5) 21 26.2 % (18.6–35.6) 40 15.2 % (11.8–19.4) 41
AUDIT scale (among drinkers)c       
 Non problem drinking 48.4 % (35.6–61.4) 10 49.5 % (30.2–68.9) 19 61.1 % (44.6–75.4) 24
 Problem drinking 51.6 % (38.6–64.4) 11 50.5 % (31.1–69.8) 20 38.9 % (24.6–55.4) 17
Eats fewer than one serving of fruit/vegetables per dayd 28.9 % (20.0–39.7) 17 28.0 % (19.2–39.0) 31 40.1 % (31.5–49.5) 78
Eats fruit/vegetables fewer than 5 days/week 25.3 % (17.9–34.3) 20 24.3 % (17.5–32.8) 38 33.8 % (24.6–44.5) 86
Days of vigorous physical activity/weeke       
 None 29.8 % (19.1–43.1) 25 35.0 % (27.8–42.9) 53 21.3 % (16.9–26.5) 59
 1–2 7.0 % (2.6–17.7) 7 7.9 % (4.6–13.2) 12 6.4 % (3.6–11.2) 19
 3–4 11.0 % (3.9–27.4) 8 7.5 % (4.3–13.0) 12 8.1 % (5.2–12.3) 23
 5+ 52.3 % (35.6–68.5) 37 49.6 % (39.0–60.3) 76 64.2 % (59.0–69.0) 174
BMI category (kg/m2)f       
 Underweight (<18.5) 15.5 % (9.6–24.1) 11 7.0 % (3.5–13.7) 10 17.2 % (12.7–23.0) 44
 Normal (18.5– < 25) 71.1 % (63.5–77.7) 54 78.3 % (70.8–84.3) 120 77.6 % (72.4–82.1) 214
 Overweight (25– < 30) 8.4 % (4.4–15.5) 6 8.0 % (4.7–13.3) 12 4.3 % (2.0–9.0 ) 13
 Obese (≥30) 5.0 % (2.3–10.4) 4 6.7 % (3.1–13.6) 10 0.8 % (0.2–3.3 ) 2
Waist circumference >94 cmf 10.6 % (4.4–23.1) 8 13.4 % (8.1–21.4) 20 1.6 % (0.7–3.9 ) 5
Uganda– Total men Entebbe municipality (number = 79) District towns (number = 108) Rural (number = 188)
Smokingg       
 Current smoker 17.7 % (8.6–33.1) 14 12.2 % (6.3–22.3) 10 17.4 % (11.6–25.4) 33
 Ex–smoker 15.2 % (8.9–24.8) 12 11.0 % (6.1–19.0) 12 16.0 % (11.7–21.6) 30
 Never smoked 67.1 % (52.8–78.8) 53 76.8 % (63.8–86.2) 85 66.5 % (56.2–75.5) 125
Alcohol consumption       
 Never drinks 26.6 % (16.7–39.6) 21 44.8 % (35.7–54.1) 43 28.7 % (21.1–37.8) 52
 No drinking in past 12 months 15.2 % (7.6–27.9) 12 22.0 % (12.9–35.0) 25 20.5 % (15.9–26.0) 42
 Drinking in past 12 months 58.2 % (44.0–71.2) 46 33.2 % (23.5–44.6) 40 50.8 % (41.6–60.0) 94
AUDIT scale (among drinkers)h       
 Non problem drinking 80.0 % (70.1–87.2) 36 86.5 % (71.7–94.1) 37 88.1 % (75.2–94.8) 83
 Problem drinking 20.0 % (12.8–29.9) 9 13.5 % (5.9–28.3) 3 11.9 % (5.2–24.8) 11
Eats fewer than one serving of fruit/vegetables per day 41.8 % (29.8–54.7) 33 59.9 % (51.9–67.4) 70 70.0 % (61.8–77.0) 135
Eats fruit/vegetables fewer than 5 days/week 39.2 % (28.4–51.2) 31 60.9 % (53.8–67.5) 65 58.0 % (47.9–67.4) 114
Days of vigorous physical activity/weeke       
 None 59.5 % (52.4–66.2) 47 68.8 % (56.0–79.3) 75 72.5 % (63.7–79.8) 140
 1–2 12.7 % (4.8–29.2) 10 9.3 % (4.3–18.8) 9 4.2 % (1.6–10.6) 7
 3–4 10.1 % (5.6–17.6) 8 0.4 % (0.1–1.1 ) 4 6.0 % (3.1–11.5) 11
 5+ 17.7 % (7.5–36.3) 14 21.5 % (11.8–36.1) 20 17.3 % (11.3–25.5) 30
BMI category (kg/m2)i       
 Underweight (<18.5) 2.6 % (0.7–8.8 ) 2 8.1 % (3.3–18.7) 9 16.0 % (10.6–23.4) 30
 Normal (18.5– < 25) 85.7 % (75.1–92.3) 66 71.4 % (60.2–80.5) 80 74.8 % (67.6–80.9) 142
 Overweight (25– < 30) 9.1 % (3.0–24.3) 7 14.2 % (7.6–25.0) 12 8.5 % (4.8–14.7) 15
 Obese (≥30) 2.6 % (0.7–9.0 ) 2 6.3 % (3.0–12.8) 5 0.7 % (0.1–4.7 ) 1
Waist circumference >94 cmi 7.6 % (3.1–17.7) 6 15.6 % (9.2–25.2) 12 3.5 % (1.5–8.0 ) 6
  1. aWeighted estimates, adjusted for survey design with sampling weights applied. See footnote 1 of Table 1; bactual number of respondents, without sampling weights applied; cmissing for 1 participant from district towns. dmissing for 14 participants from Mwanza municipality, 42 from district towns and for 82 rural participants (majority did not recall how many servings of vegetables they ate); edefined as spending at least 10 minutes continuously in vigorous–intensity activity per day (as per WHO STEPS Survey questionnaire); fBMI missing for 2 participants from Mwanza municipality, 1 from district towns and for 2 rural participants. Waist circumference data missing for 1 participant from Mwanza municipality; gsmoking data missing for 1 participant from Entebbe municipality; hAUDIT score missing for 1 participant from Entebbe municipality; iBMI data missing for 2 participants from Entebbe municipality and 2 from district towns. Waist circumference data missing for 2 participants from district towns. AUDIT, Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test; BMI, body mass index; CI, confidence interval; NCDs, non-communicable diseases