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Table 1 Participant characteristics

From: Socio-cultural influences on the behaviour of South Asian women with diabetes in pregnancy: qualitative study using a multi-level theoretical approach

Language spoken at home Bengali or Sylheti Gurarati Tamil Punjabi or Urdu Total
(Bangladeshi origin) (north-west Indian origin) (south Indian or Sri Lankan origin) (north Indian or Pakistani origin)
Total number of participants 17 5 10 13 45
Median (range) age 37 (27–43) 34 (29–39) 34 (21–45) 35 (23–42) 35
Diabetes status      
Type 2 7 2 8 12 29
Gestational (past or present) 9 3 2 1 15
Missing data 1 0 0 0 1
Pregnancy status      
Median (range) number of pregnancies (including current one if relevant) 4 (2–9) 2 (1–4) 2 (2–4) 3 (1–6) 3 (1–9)
Pregnant at time of interview      
Yes 3 3 6 6 18
No 13 2 4 7 26
Missing data 1 0 0 0 1
Generation immigrant      
First generation 8 1 4 5 18
Second generation 7 2 3 6 18
Missing data 2 2 3 2 9
Group sessions      
Participated in group sessions 7 0 5 5 17
Median no. of sessions attended 3 n/a 2 3 3
Individual interviews      
Interviewed in clinic 0 2 1 1 4
Interviewed at home 10 3 4 7 24
Total 10 5 5 8 28
  1. Gestational diabetes was diagnosed using locally-adapted UK criteria via universal 2 h, 75 g oral glucose tolerance testing of women of Asian origin at 28 weeks gestation with fasting plasma glucose ≥5.8 mmol/L and 120 min plasma glucose ≥7.8 mmol/L
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