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Fig. 2 | BMC Medicine

Fig. 2

From: Asymptomatic transmission and the resurgence of Bordetella pertussis

Fig. 2

Disruption of B. pertussis cycles by vaccination. Panel a shows the square root of B. pertussis cases in infants less than 1 year old in the United Kingdom from 1982 through 2013 (in black) and the percentage vaccine coverage over the same period (in blue). Vertical dashed line indicates the switch to an aP vaccination schedule. Panel b shows the standard wavelet spectrum of the incidence in panel a; panel c shows the Fourier spectrum of the incidence. As vaccination coverage increases (1985 through about 1991) we see a decrease in the power of cycles of approximately 4 years. We begin to see an increase in this power after the introduction of aP vaccination in 2004, suggesting transmission patterns similar to those observed in the pre-transmission-blocking vaccine era

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