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Table 4 Crude and multivariable analysis of past-year fall-related injury and disability, adults aged 50 years and over, pooled countries, SAGE Wave 1, 2007–2010

From: Prevalence, risk factors and disability associated with fall-related injury in older adults in low- and middle-incomecountries: results from the WHO Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE)

  Crude models Multivariable model
Covariates Coeff. 95 % CI P-value Coeff. 95 % CI P-value
Fall-related injury (reference: none)       
 Yes 12.82 10.45,15.20 P<0.0001 5.62 3.77,7.46 P<0.0001
Sex (reference: males)       
 Female 4.57 3.94,5.20 P<0.0001 3.21 2.67,3.65 P<0.0001
Age group (reference: 50–59 years)       
 60–69 5.07 4.30,5.85 P<0.0001 3.00 2.42,3.50 P<0.0001
 70–-79 12.05 10.84,13.26 P<0.0001 8.88 8.03,9.73 P<0.0001
 80+ 22.43 20.40,24.45 P<0.0001 19.52 17.79,21.25 P<0.0001
Residence (reference: urban)       
 Rural 5.69 4.46,6.92 P<0.0001 3.26 2.31,4.21 P<0.0001
Chronic conditions (reference: none)       
 One 7.79 6.95,8.62 P<0.0001 4.76 4.12,5.40 P<0.0001
 Two or more 19.55 17.91,21.19 P<0.0001 12.05 10.95,13.15 P<0.0001
Wealth quintile (reference: poor)       
 Second poorest −3.91 −5.20,-2.62 P<0.0001 −2.55 −3.51,–1.59 P<0.0001
 Mid −5.71 −7.08,-4.34 P<0.0001 −3.06 −3.98,–2.15 P<0.0001
 Second highest −8.29 −9.73,-6.84 P<0.0001 −4.21 −5.08,–3.33 P<0.0001
 Highest (wealthiest) −10.62 −12.14,–9.10 P<0.0001 −6.47 −7.56,–5.38 P<0.0001
Country (reference: China)       
 Ghana 13.59 12.38,14.81 P<0.0001 11.13 10.01,12.26 P<0.0001
 India 19.80 18.47,21.14 P<0.0001 16.59 15.43,17.75 P<0.0001
 Mexico 6.43 4.38,8.47 P<0.0001 6.16 3.93,8.39 P<0.0001
 Russian Federation 10.20 8.21,12.18 P<0.0001 7.22 5.34,9.11 P<0.0001
 South Africa 11.43 10.05,12.81 P<0.0001 11.25 10.02,12.48 P<0.0001
R-squared     0.4443   
Constant     3.72 2.69,4.74 P<0.0001
  1. Coeff.=coefficient. CI=confidence interval. Pooled country weights applied. Multivariable model: VIF=1.799. R-squared=0.4443