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Table 1 Percent distribution of selected socio-demographic characteristics, by country and for the pooled sample, WHO SAGE Wave 1 (2007/10)

From: The impact of multimorbidity on adult physical and mental health in low- and middle-income countries: what does the study on global ageing and adult health (SAGE) reveal?

  China Ghana India Mexico Russia South Africa All countries, total (pooled) Men (pooled) Women (pooled)
N 14,793 5108 11,230 2732 4152 4221 42,236 18,243 23,993
Age Group          
18–49 74.2 75.4 75.2 73.6 58.7 75.9 70.7 71.8 69.5
50–59 11.6 9.8 12.0 12.7 18.7 12.0 14.6 14.5 14.7
60–69 8.2 6.8 7.7 6.8 10.2 7.4 8.4 8.2 8.6
70+ 6.0 8.1 5.1 7.0 12.5 4.7 6.4 5.6 7.2
Sex          
Male 50.9 50.0 50.9 48.0 45.0 47.2 50.7
Female 49.1 50.0 49.1 52.0 55.0 52.8 49.3
Residence          
Urban 48.5 45.8 25.5 77.8 81.5 69.3 44.6 44.0 45.2
Rural 51.5 54.2 74.5 22.2 18.5 30.7 55.4 56.0 54.8
Marital status          
Never married 5.7 8.4 9.4 21.3 12.8 31 8.4 10.5 6.3
Currently married/Cohabiting 89.0 72.6 81.9 69.6 61.1 52.8 83.3 85.3 81.3
Widowed/Divorced/Separated 5.3 19.0 8.7 9.1 26.0 16.1 8.3 4.2 12.4
Years of schooling          
No formal schooling 8.4 32.7 36.2 5.9 0.3 7.8 18.3 11.3 25.6
1–5 years 16.0 9.6 17.6 20.2 2.4 15.1 16.2 15.6 16.9
6–9 years 46.2 18.9 19.4 48.3 10.3 26.9 33.5 35.6 31.5
10+ years 29.4 38.8 26.8 25.7 87.0 50.2 31.9 37.6 26.1
Wealth quintile          
Lowest 9.8 15.3 20.6 16.5 12.7 18.9 14.3 14.5 14.1
Second 15.9 17.9 21.2 23.3 12.8 19.5 17.9 17.7 18.0
Middle 18.3 19.1 19.9 20.1 16.5 20.5 19.0 20.1 17.9
Fourth 23.4 22.6 18.0 15.4 23.5 19.4 21.3 20.7 21.8
Highest 32.6 25.2 20.2 24.6 34.5 21.8 27.6 27.0 28.2
  1. Results are weighted using pooled sampling weights