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Table 4 Multivariable logistic regression of patient characteristics associated with tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis

From: Rapid microbiological screening for tuberculosis in HIV-positive patients on the first day of acute hospital admission by systematic testing of urine samples using Xpert MTB/RIF: a prospective cohort in South Africa

Characteristic Unadjusted odds ratio P value Adjusted odds ratio P value
Age (years)
 ≥35 1 0.034 1 0.313
 <35 1.55 (1.03–2.33)   1.26 (0.81–1.96)  
Gender
 Male 1 0.227 1 0.170
 Female 1.29 (0.85–1.97)   1.40 (0.87–2.25)  
Previous history of TB
 Yes 1 0.004 1 0.038
 No 1.82 (1.20–2.77)   1.66 (1.03–2.69)  
HIV diagnosis
 Existing 1 0.059 1 0.744
 New 1.62 (0.99–2.66)   0.89 (0.46–1.75)  
ART status
 Ever received ART 1 0.005 1 0.206
 Never received ART 1.79 (1.19–2.70)   1.44 (0.82–2.51)  
Sputum production
 Yes 1 0.808   
 No 1.05 (0.69–1.61)    
WHO symptom screen
 Negative 1 0.002 1 0.068
 Positive 4.20 (1.46–12.14)   2.59 (0.85–7.92)  
CD4 cell count (cells/μL)
 ≥200 1 <0.001 1 <0.001
 100–199 2.77 (1.56–4.93)   2.32 (1.26–4.26)  
 <100 4.15 (2.50–6.89)   3.17 (1.81–5.56)  
Anaemia severity
 No/mild anaemia 1 <0.001 1 0.011
 Moderate/severe anaemia 2.77 (1.72–4.47)   1.96 (1.16–3.36)