Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Results from random-intercept regression models, separate models for left and right hippocampal volume

From: Western diet is associated with a smaller hippocampus: a longitudinal investigation

Covariates Left hippocampal volume Right hippocampal volume
  β (SE) p value β (SE) p value
Prudent (healthy) diet 48.7 (22.8) .032 17.6 (22.9) .442
Western (unhealthy) diet −52.6 (26.9) .05 −30.6 (27.0) .256
Wave −327.5 (26.2) < .001 −235.8 (27.4) < .001
Sex (ref = male) −289.3 (46.5) < .001 −294.4 (46.7) < .001
Baseline age (years) 1.77 (14.5) .903 6.9 (14.6) .635
Depression symptoms −6.0 (9.9) .546 2.8 (10.1) .780
Reported depression medication −78.2 (90.3) .386 −146.2 (90.8) .107
Working (ref = not working) 47.1 (36.0) .191 75.1 (36.9) .042
Did not complete high school −34.5 (58.3) .554 −82.0 (58.7) .162
Regular exercise
 Moderate −37.5 (44.3) .397 −12.2 (44.5) .784
 Vigorous 106.8 (67.0) .111 32.7 (67.4) .628
Current smoker 90.7 (84.1) .280 79.3 (84.5) .348
Diabetes −160.8 (86.6) .063 −66.3 (87.1) .446
Hypertension −39.1 (43.8) .372 −13.5 (44.0) .758
Constant 3066.9   2735.5  
  1. Hippocampal volume was corrected for intracranial volume. Other covariates included elapsed time between magnetic resonance imaging and change in intracranial volume over time. SE standard error