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Table 2 Facility and patient characteristics in each arm

From: Using pay for performance incentives (P4P) to improve management of suspected malaria fevers in rural Kenya: a cluster randomized controlled trial

Characteristics Intervention (n = 9) Comparison (n = 8)
Facility   
  High transmission 5 of 9 4 of 8
  Number of clinical staff at baseline (median, range) 6 (3–11) 7 (4–9)
  Number of laboratory staff at baseline (median, range) 1.5 (1–3) 1 (1–2)
  Average slides read per month (SD) 240.0 (126.9–353.1) 372.4 (135.0–609.7)
  Percent positive slides 17.5 % (0.7–27.8) 19.1 % (1.3–28.0)
  Percent of diagnoses by RDT 12.3 % (1.3–45.5) 11.1 % (0.0–47.4)
  Sensitivity (SD) 93.70 (89.04–98.35) 99.47 (98.95–99.98)
  Specificity (SD) 89.35 (83.40–95.31) 88.63 (80.56–96.70)
Patient   
  Number of patient observations 8,045 6,894
  Age (SD) 16.6 (15.9–17.4) 14.5 (14.1–14.9)
  Children aged 1–5 years 3,650 (45.9 %) 3,250 (48.1 %)
  Female 4,656 (57.9 %) 4,067 (59.0 %)
  1. RDT, rapid diagnostic test; SD, standard deviation