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Table 3 Mean (SD) values of baseline and post-test measurement differences in effects on primary outcomes physical fitness and fatigue between groups a

From: Randomized controlled trial of the effects of high intensity and low-to-moderate intensity exercise on physical fitness and fatigue in cancer survivors: results of the Resistance and Endurance exercise After ChemoTherapy (REACT) study

  High intensity (HI) Low-to-moderate intensity (LMI) Wait list control (WLC) HI vs. WLC LMI vs. WLC HI vs. LMI
  Baseline mean (SD) Post-test mean (SD) Baseline mean (SD) Post-test mean (SD) Baseline mean (SD) Post-test mean (SD) β (95 % CI) β (95 % CI) β (95 % CI)
Primary outcomes
Cardiorespiratory fitness b
 PeakVO2 (mL/kg/min) 21.9 (6.5) 26.3 (7.6) 22.3 (5.9) 25.6 (6.5) 21.5 (5.5) 23.8 (5.9) 2.2 (1.2 to 3.1) h 1.3 (0.3 to 2.3) h 0.9 (−0.1 to 1.9) i
 Peak power output (W) 136 (46) 163 (53) 134 (43) 154 (45) 135 (42) 150 (43) 12.6 (7.7 to 17.5) h 5.0 (0.01 to 9.9) h 7.6 (2.5 to 12.7) h
 Ventilatory threshold (mL/kg/min) 15.6 (4.1) 18.8 (4.7) 16.2 (4.8) 18.8 (5.2) 15.5 (4.8) 17.3 (5.6) 1.5 (0.4 to 2.5) h 1.1 (0.1 to 2.2) h 0.4 (−0.7 to 1.4)
Muscle strength
 Sit to stand (stands) c 17 (4.4) 19 (4.9) 16 (3.6) 19 (4.8) 16 (3.6) 18 (3.9) 0.2 (−0.8 to 1.1) 0.6 (−0.3 to 1.5) −0.5 (−1.4 to 0.4)
 Grip strength (kg) d 32.5 (9.7) 34.4 (10.5) 32.9 (9.8) 34.9 (9.8) 33.5 (9.5) 35.5 (10.6) −0.3 (−1.3 to 0.7) 0.3 (−0.7 to 1.3) −0.6 (−1.6 to 0.5)
Fatigue (Range 4–20) e
 General fatigue f 12.8 (3.8) 10.0 (3.3) 12.6 (4.1) 10.1 (3.4) 12.7 (4.2) 11.3 (4.1) −1.3 (−2.2 to −0.4) h −1.1 (−2.0 to −0.2) h −0.2 (−1.1 to 0.7)
 Physical fatigue f 12.8 (3.9) 9,0 (3.2) 12.3 (3.9) 9.4 (3.6) 13.2 (4.0) 11.2 (3.9) −2.0 (−2.9 to −1.1) h −1.4 (−2.3 to −0.5) h −0.6 (−1.6 to 0.3)
 Reduced activity g 12.2 (3.8) 9.6 (3.2) 11.5 (3.6) 9.1 (3.5) 11.8 (3.6) 10.5 (3.6) −1.1 (−1.9 to −0.2) h −1.2 (−2.1 to −0.3) h 0.1 (−0.8 to 1.0)
 Reduced motivation g 9.4 (3.2) 7.9 (2.6) 9.0 (3.0) 8.5 (3.1) 8.6 (3.1) 8.7 (3.2) −1.2 (−1.9 to −0.4) h −0.4 (−1.1 to 0.4) −0.8 (−1.5 to −0.03) h
 Mental fatigue f 11.1 (4.2) 9.8 (3.7) 10.9 (4.0) 9.9 (3.6) 10.7 (4.1) 10.5 (4.1) −0.9 (−1.7 to −0.2) h −0.7 (−1.5 to 0.1) i −0.2 (−1.1 to 0.6)
  1. a Adjusted model, corrected for age and sex
  2. b Missing due to technical problems (n = 5), musculoskeletal problems (n = 1), or discomfort (n = 6)
  3. c Missing due to musculoskeletal problems (n = 2)
  4. d Missing due to technical problems (n = 3) or musculoskeletal problems (n = 2)
  5. e Higher score means a higher level of self-reported fatigue in all subscales
  6. f Missing due to incomplete questionnaire (n = 1)
  7. g Missing due to incomplete questionnaire (n = 2)
  8. h P <0.05)
  9. i 0.05 ≤ P <0.10