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Table 4 Baseline and post-test measurements and adjusted between group differences on secondary outcomes of health-related quality of life, body composition, sleep disturbances, physical activity, and distress a

From: Randomized controlled trial of the effects of high intensity and low-to-moderate intensity exercise on physical fitness and fatigue in cancer survivors: results of the Resistance and Endurance exercise After ChemoTherapy (REACT) study

  High intensity (HI) Low-to-moderate intensity (LMI) Wait list control (WLC) HI vs. WLC LMI vs. WLC HI vs. LMI
  Baseline mean (SD) Post-test mean (SD) Baseline mean (SD) Post-test mean (SD) Baseline mean (SD) Post-test mean (SD) β (95 % CI) β (95 % CI) β (95 % CI)
Health-related quality of life (Range 0–100) b
 Global quality of life c 72.8 (15.3) 82.0 (13.6) 73.6 (17.2) 79.7 (16.1) 71.0 (16.5) 75.3 (15.4) 5.9 (2.0 to 9.8) m 3.3 (−0.6 to 7.2) 2.6 (−1.4 to 6.6)
 Physical functioning 82.0 (13.8) 88.1 (9.5) 83.0 (12.2) 89.6 (10.2) 80.2 (15.4) 84.1 (13.1) 3.1 (0.7 to 5.5) m 4.1 (1.6 to 6.6) m −1.0 (−3.5 to 1.5)
 Role functioning c 73.7 (25.1) 82.5 (21.4) 69.2 (25.8) 83.5 (21.1) 67.4 (25.6) 82.0 (21.4) −2.1 (−7.6 to 3.3) 0.8 (−4.7 to 6.3) −3.0 (−8.6 to 2.7)
 Emotional functioning c 86.0 (15.9) 88.3 (15.3) 82.9 (16.3) 84.0 (17.3) 83.5 (17.0) 83.3 (17.5) 3.3 (−0.4 to 7.1) 1.1 (−2.7 to 4.9) 2.2 (−1.7 to 6.1)
 Cognitive functioning c 79.9 (22.5) 84.3 (17.5) 78.0 (21.4) 80.3 (19.5) 76.7 (22.7) 80.6 (21.1) 2.0 (−2.4 to 6.3) −0.9 (−5.3 to 3.6) 2.8 (−1.7 to 7.3)
 Social functioning c 78.3 (22.0) 89,6 (15.1) 78.2 (20.0) 86.1 (20.0) 75.6 (24.6) 85.2 (21.7) 3.1 (−1.7 to 7.9) −0.2 (−5.1 to 4.7) 3.3 (−1.7 to 8.3)
Body composition
 Body mass index, kg/m2 26.8 (4.0) 26.8 (4.0) 26.3 (4.3) 26.5 (4.4) 27.7 (4.8) 27.7 (4.8) −0.001 (−0.3 to 0.3) 0.2 (−0.1 to 0.4) −0.2 (−0.4 to 0.1)
 Sum of skinfolds, mm d 73.0 (20.7) 72.2 (22.7) 72.2 (30.1) 73.1 (29.6) 77.7 (32.0) 78.2 (31.6) −1.7 (−5.3 to 1.8) −0.3 (−3.9 to 3.4) −1.5 (−5.2 to 2.2)
Sleep disturbances (Range 0–21) e,f
  10.3 (3.3) 9.9 (3.3) 10.9 (3.1) 10.7 (3.7) 10.1 (3.2) 9.9 (3.6) −0.2 (−1.0 to 0.6) 0.1 (−0.8 to 0.9) −0.2 (−1.1 to 0.6)
Physical activity
 Self-reported PA g 93.0 (71.5) 117.6 (87.7) 106.1 (80.9) 129.0 (68.5) 96.2 (66.2) 121.2 (72.9) −2.0 (−20.7 to 16.7) 1.4 (−17.7 to 20.4) −3.4 (−22.8 to 16.0)
 Accelerometer, counts per minute h,i 246 (95.8) 248 (106.3) 229 (91.0) 247 (76.6) 239 (89.5) 258 (87.0) −12.9 (40.3 to 14.5) −5.7 (−33.0 to 21.5) −7.2 (−35.4 to 21.0)
Distress (Range 0–21) j
 Anxiety k 4.0 (3.0) 3.2 (2.9) 4.0 (3.0) 3.9 (3.3) 3.8 (2.8) 4.1 (3.0) −1.0 (−1.7 to −0.3) m −0.4 (−1.0 to 0.3) −0.6 (−1.3 to 0.1) n
 Depression l 3.1 (2.7) 2.5 (2.6) 3.5 (3.2) 2.7 (2.8) 3.3 (2.8) 3.0 (3.2) −0.4 (−1.1 to 0.2) −0.4 (−1.1 to 0.2) −0.02 (−0.7 to 0.6)
  1. a Adjusted model, corrected for age and sex
  2. b Higher score means a higher level of self-reported HRQoL in all subscales
  3. c Missing due to incomplete questionnaire (n = 1)
  4. d Missing due to skin problems (n = 3)
  5. e Higher score means poorer self-reported sleep quality
  6. f Missing due to incomplete questionnaire (n = 58)
  7. g Missing due to incomplete questionnaire (n = 1)
  8. h Average counts for Y-axis
  9. I Missing due to technical problems/insufficient wearing-time (n = 85)
  10. j Higher score means a higher level of anxiety and depression in both subscales
  11. k Missing due to incomplete questionnaire (n = 2)
  12. l Missing due to incomplete questionnaire (n = 3)
  13. m P <0.05
  14. n 0.05 ≤ P <0.10