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Fig. 4 | BMC Medicine

Fig. 4

From: Wasted research when systematic reviews fail to provide a complete and up-to-date evidence synthesis: the example of lung cancer

Fig. 4

Cumulative networks of evidence showing the gap between the amount of randomized evidence covered by systematic reviews and the amount of randomized evidence available for inclusion. (a) 2009–2012 and (b) 2013–2015. *The last search for randomized trials and systematic reviews was conducted on March 2, 2015. From 2009 to 2015, we compared randomized controlled trials selected by systematic reviews published up to December 31 each year (up to March 2 for 2015) to all trials eligible for inclusion (i.e., all trial results published up to July 1 each year [up to August 31, 2014 for 2015]). Each node size is proportional to the total number of patients randomly allocated to the corresponding treatment across all randomized trials available for inclusion; we represented the proportion of randomized patients actually covered by systematic reviews by pie charts overlaid on nodes in the network. The thickness of each edge is proportional to the total number of randomized controlled trials between the corresponding treatments available for inclusion; we represented the proportion of trials actually selected by systematic reviews by a percentage bar chart overlaid on edges in the network

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