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Table 1 Characteristics of HIV testers

From: Cost and quality of life analysis of HIV self-testing and facility-based HIV testing and counselling in Blantyre, Malawi

  Intervention clusters Control clusters p-valuea
HIVST Facility HTC Facility HTC
All   775 253 213  
Sex Male 288 (37 . 2 %) 90 (35 . 6 %) 76 (35 . 7 %) 0 . 981
Age (years) 18-24 316 (40 . 8 %) 64 (25 . 3 %) 64 (30 . 0 %) 0 . 335
25-39 379 (48 . 9 %) 149 (58 . 9 %) 111 (52 . 1 %)
40+ 80 (10 . 3 %) 40 (15 . 8 %) 28 (17 . 8 %)
Marital status Single (never-married) 227 (29 . 3 %) 40 (15 . 8 %) 26 (12 . 2 %) 0 . 606
Married/Cohabiting 455 (58 . 7 %) 175 (69 . 2 %) 148 (69 . 5 %)
Separated/Divorced 78 (10 . 1 %) 24 (9 . 5 %) 24 (11 . 3 %)
Widower/Widow 15 (1 . 9 %) 14 (5 . 5 %) 15 (7 . 0 %)
Educational attainmentb Up to standard 8 300 (38 . 7 %) 132 (52 . 2 %) 124 (58 . 2 %) 0 . 402
Up to form 6 442 (57 . 0 %) 113 (44 . 7 %) 82 (38 . 5 %)
University or training college 32 (4 . 1 %) 8 (3 . 2 %) 7 (3 . 3 %)
Incomec Not working 400 (51 . 6 %) 93 (36 . 8 %) 86 (40 . 4 %) 0 . 752
Up to 4,000 Kwacha/week 162 (20 . 9 %) 79 (31 . 2 %) 56 (36 . 3 %)
4,000 to 8,000 kwacha/week 108 (13 . 9 %) 42 (16 . 6 %) 34 (16 . 0 %)
8,000 to 12,000 kwacha/week 48 (6 . 2 %) 18 (7 . 1 %) 15 (7 . 0 %)
Over 12,000 kwacha/week 57 (7 . 4 %) 21 (8 . 3 %) 22 (10 . 3 %)
Employment status Formal employment 139 (17 . 9 %) 75 (29 . 6 %) 62 (29 . 1 %) 0 . 801
Informal employment/Unemployed 234 (30 . 2 %) 85 (33 . 6 %) 67 (31 . 5 %)
School/University 159 (20 . 5 %) 18 (7 . 1 %) 15 (7 . 0 %)
Retired 2 (0 . 4 %) 1 (0 . 4 %) 1 (0 . 5 %)
Housework 238 (30 . 7 %) 72 (28 . 5 %) 68 (31 . 9 %)
Sick leave 2 (0 . 3 %) 2 (0 . 8 %) 0 (0 %)
Socio-economic positiond Highest quintile 172 (22 . 2 %) 32 (12 . 6 %) 43 (20 . 2 %) 0 . 239
2nd highest quintile 154 (19 . 9 %) 55 (21 . 7 %) 39 (18 . 3 %)
Middle quintile 148 (19 . 1 %) 58 (22 . 9 %) 42 (19 . 7 %)
2nd lowest quintile 145 (18 . 7 %) 55 (21 . 7 %) 48 (22 . 5 %)
Lowest quintile 154 (19 . 9 %) 53 (20 . 9 %) 41 (19 . 2 %)
Had HIV testing in last year Not tested 127 (16 . 4 %) 96 (38 . 0 %) 97 (45 . 5 %) 0 . 048
Tested once 260 (33 . 5 %) 69 (27 . 3 %) 64 (30 . 0 %)
Tested >1 388 (50 . 1 %) 88 (34 . 8 %) 52 (24 . 4 %)
  1. aComparison between facility testers in control and Intervention clusters
  2. bUp to Standard 8 equivalent to completing Primary school; Up to form 6 equivalent to completing Secondary/High school
  3. c426 Malawian Kwacha = US$1 in 2014
  4. dSocio-economic position estimated though undertaking principal component analysis of responses to asset ownership and housing environment
  5. Missing data for Educational attainment: 1; missing data for socio-economic position: 2