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Table 6 Multivariate analysis exploring relationship between modality of HIV testing and EQ-5D utility scoresa

From: Cost and quality of life analysis of HIV self-testing and facility-based HIV testing and counselling in Blantyre, Malawi

  EQ-5D Utility Score (Zimbabwean Tariff) EQ-5D Utility Score (UK Tariff)b
Model 1 (n = 1240) Model 2 (n = 1237) Model 1 (n = 1240) Model 2 (n = 1237)
  Coef (95 % CI) Coef (95 % CI) Coef (95 % CI) Coef (95 % CI)
Mode of HIV testing Control clusters: Facility HTC Ref Ref Ref Ref
Intervention clusters: Facility HTC -0 · 012 (-0 · 038, 0 · 014) -0 · 011 (-0 · 037, 0 · 015) -0 · 145 (-0 · 055, 0 · 026) -0 · 012 (-0 · 053, 0 · 029)
Intervention clusters: HIVST 0 · 043 (0 · 018, 0 · 068) 0 · 046 (0 · 022, 0 · 070) 0 · 059 (0 · 026, 0 · 092) 0 · 065 (0 · 031, 0 · 099)
HIV test result HIV negative Ref Ref Ref Ref
HIV positive -0 · 054 (-0 · 077, -0 · 031) -0 · 048 (-0 · 073, -0 · 024) -0 · 076 (-0 · 112, -0 · 040) -0 · 068 (-0 · 105, -0 · 031)
  1. Model 1: adjusted for exposure, HIV test result, age and sex
  2. Model 2: additionally adjusted for marital status, educational attainment, income and wealth quintile
  3. Missing data for HIV test result: 1; missing data for educational attainment: 1; missing data for socio-economic position: 2
  4. aFindings from OLS estimator
  5. bFindings from sensitivity analysis