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Table 1 Evaluation of quality criteria of measures with strongest psychometric properties validated in long-term care settings

From: Measures to assess commonly experienced symptoms for people with dementia in long-term care settings: a systematic review

Name of measure Content validity Internal consistency Criterion validity Construct validity Reproducibility Responsiveness Floor and ceiling effects Interpretability
Agreement Reliability
Pain          
PAINAD [48] + ? 0 ? 0 ? 0 ?
PAINAD [46] ? ? 0 ? 0 0 0
PAINAD [47] 0 + + 0 + 0 0 ?
PAINAD [45] 0 ? ? + 0 + 0 0 0
PACSLAC [49] + ? 0 ? 0 0 0 0 0
PACSLAC [36] 0 0 ? ? 0 ? 0 0 0
PACSLAC [47] 0 ? + 0 + 0 0 ?
PACSLAC [45] 0 ? ? + 0 + 0 0 0
PACSLAC [50] 0 0 ? 0 + 0 0 0
PACSLAC-II [35] + ? 0 + 0 0 0 0
Oral health          
OHAT [40] + 0 ? 0 0 + ? 0
Discomfort          
DS-DAT [51] + ? 0 ? 0 ? 0 0 0
DS-DAT [47] + 0 + 0 0 ?
  1. PAINAD, Pain Assessment in Advanced Dementia; PACSLAC, Pain Assessment Checklist for Seniors with Limited Ability to Communicate; OHAT, Oral Health Assessment Tool; DS-DAT, Discomfort Scale for patients with Dementia of Alzheimer’s Type
  2. + A positive rating indicates strong psychometric properties according to quality criteria using adequate design and method [20]
  3. ? Intermediate [21] rating indicates some but not all aspects of psychometric properties are positive, or there is doubt about the design and method used [20]
  4. – A negative rating indicates psychometric properties do not meet criteria despite adequate design and method used [20]
  5. 0 No information provided in the paper [14]