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Table 1 Socio-demographic and lifestyle characteristics at baseline of the participants included for cohorts in the CHANCES consortium

From: Quantification of the smoking-associated cancer risk with rate advancement periods: meta-analysis of individual participant data from cohorts of the CHANCES consortium

  COSM EPIC-Elderly ESTHER HAPIEE MORGAM NIH-AARP RS SENECA SMC TROMSØ VIP
DK ES GR NL CZ LT PO RU FI NI SE
N total 45,906 15,355 5185 9863 6896 9949 8857 7161 10,728 9360 38,108 2745 5476 566,279 8121 2585 38,984 10,463 95,000
Follow-up (years)a 13 13 13 10 13 11 8 4 7 6 17 16 11 12 12 8 13 13 14
Age (years)a 59 63 62 67 64 63 59 62 57 58 46 54 53 63 69 74 61 62 50
Sex, %
 Male 100 46 43 40 5 45 47 45 49 46 48 100 49 60 39 50 0 47 50
 Female 0 54 57 60 95 55 53 55 51 54 52 0 51 40 61 50 100 53 50
BMI (kg/m2)a 25 26 29 29 26 27 28 29 28 28 26 26 27 26 26 27 24 26 25
Education, %
 Primary 70 41 87 91 34 75 13 7 12 10 46 1 31 1 25 67 74 56 23
 Secondary 14 43 7 6 55 20 74 37 60 61 44 88 49 26 62 25 7 28 51
 University 16 16 6 3 11 5 14 56 29 29 9 11 20 73 8 8 18 16 26
Alcohol (g/day)a 10 12 1 1 2 4 6 0 0 0 2 9 2 2 3 3 3 2 3
Vigorous physical activity, %
 Yes 34 72 5 21 58 42 73 61 73 40 n.a. 12 n.a. 46 85 13 30 32 34
 No 66 28 95 79 42 58 27 39 27 60 88 54 15 87 70 68 66
History of diabetes, %
 Yes 7 3 11 14 5 16 12 8 12 5 5 2 5 9 7 9 5 4 2
 No 93 97 89 86 95 84 88 92 88 95 95 98 95 91 93 91 95 96 98
Smoking status, %
 Never 36 31 67 70 47 50 44 63 40 58 46 38 48 36 36 54 54 33 55
 Former 39 36 16 19 35 33 30 18 28 14 29 33 32 51 41 28 23 36 25
 Current 25 33 17 12 18 17 26 19 32 28 25 29 20 12 23 18 23 31 20
Time since smoking cessation, %
 ≤9 years 22 28 41 36 26 23 30 34 41 38 n.a. 36 38 26 n.a. 39 28 31 37
 10–19 years 29 22 30 31 29 28 29 23 29 26 35 26 74 30 28 24 32
 ≥20 years 49 41 27 30 43 48 36 43 24 33   29 34 28 44 45 24
  1. aThe values shown are the mean for follow-up years and the median for age, BMI, and alcohol consumption
  2. Abbreviations (alphabetically ordered): BMI body mass index, COSM Cohort of Swedish Men, CZ Czech Republic, DK Denmark, EPIC European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition, ES Spain, ESTHER Epidemiologische Studie zu Chancen der Verhütung, Früherkennung und optimierten Therapie chronischer Erkrankungen in der älteren Bevölkerung (German), GR Greece. HAPIEE Health, Alcohol and Psychosocial factors In Eastern Europe, LT Lithuania, MORGAM Monica Risk, Genetics, Archiving and Monograph, which included the cohorts MORGAM FI FINRISK Study (Finland), MORGAM NI PRIME Belfast Study (Northern Ireland), and MORGAM SE Northern Sweden Study (Norrbotten county only), NIH-AARP National Institute of Health – American Association of Retired Persons, NL the Netherlands, PO Poland, RS Rotterdam Study, RU Russia, SENECA Survey in Europe on Nutrition and the Elderly a Concerned Action, SMC Swedish Mammography Cohort, VIP Västerbotten Intervention Programme