Skip to main content

Table 3 Age- and sex-adjusted comparison of risk factors between white and black stroke populations

From: Differences in the distribution of stroke subtypes in a UK black stroke population – final results from the South London Ethnicity and Stroke Study

  Black vs. White Black Caribbean vs. White Black African vs. White Black Caribbean vs. Black African
OR (95 % CI) P OR (95 % CI) P OR (95 % CI) P OR (95 % CI) P
Agea 0.95 (0.94–0.96) <0.001 0.96 (0.96–0.97) <0.001 0.93 (0.92–0.94) <0.001 1.05 (1.04–1.06) <0.001
Male sexb 1.18 (0.99–1.40) 0.07 1.15 (1.15–1.38) 0.16 1.15 (0.88–1.50) 0.30 0.77 (0.60–1.00) 0.05
Hypertension 3.23 (2.55–4.08) <0.001 2.97 (2.97–3.84) <0.001 4.43 (3.04–6.45) <0.001 0.63 (0.43–0.91) 0.02
Diabetes 3.55 (2.91–4.32) <0.001 3.76 (3.76–4.64) <0.001 3.06 (2.30–4.07) <0.001 1.05 (0.81–1.37) 0.70
Hypercholesterolaemia 0.81 (0.68–0.97) 0.02 0.84 (0.84–1.01) 0.07 0.75 (0.58–0.98) 0.03 1.00 (0.77–1.28) 0.97
Smoking 0.31 (0.26–0.38) <0.001 0.43 (0.43–0.52) <0.001 0.14 (0.10–0.19) <0.001 3.79 (2.81–5.11) <0.001
Body mass index 1.06 (1.03–1.09) <0.001 1.07 (1.07–1.09) <0.001 1.06 (1.03–1.09) <0.001 1.00 (0.98–1.03) 0.93
Ischaemic heart disease 0.62 (0.50–0.79) <0.001 0.64 (0.64–0.82) <0.001 0.55 (0.37–0.81) 0.003 1.09 (0.72–1.64) 0.69
Peripheral vascular disease 0.52 (0.36–0.73) <0.001 0.56 (0.56–0.82) 0.003 0.39 (0.20–0.74) 0.004 1.34 (0.67–2.68) 0.41
Atrial fibrillation 0.45 (0.36–0.56) <0.001 0.43 (0.43–0.55) <0.001 0.48 (0.33–0.70) <0.001 0.97 (0.65–1.46) 0.90
Townsend deprivation index 1.57 (1.51–1.64) <0.001 1.59 (1.59–1.67) <0.001 1.64 (1.54–1.75) <0.001 0.92 (0.88–0.96) <0.001
  1. Odds ratios (OR) and P values for each risk factor were obtained using logistic regression analyses adjusted for age and sex
  2. aOnly adjusted for sex
  3. bOnly adjusted for age
  4. CI, Confidence interval