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Table 6 Age- and sex-adjusted comparison of stroke subtypes in white and black stroke populations

From: Differences in the distribution of stroke subtypes in a UK black stroke population – final results from the South London Ethnicity and Stroke Study

  Black vs. White Black Caribbean vs. White Black African vs. White Black Caribbean vs. Black African
OR (95 % CI) P OR (95 % CI) P OR (95 % CI) P OR (95 % CI) P
Intracerebral haemorrhage 1.18 (0.90–1.54) 0.25 1.15 (0.85–1.55) 0.36 1.34 (0.93–1.95) 0.12 0.80 (0.56–1.15) 0.23
Large vessel disease 0.59 (0.45–0.78) <0.001 0.56 (0.42–0.77) <0.001 0.69 (0.46–1.02) 0.06 0.76 (0.50–1.16) 0.21
Intracranial 2.99 (1.57–5.70) <0.001 2.31 (1.13–4.71) 0.02 5.08 (2.38–10.83) <0.001 0.44 (0.24–0.83) 0.01
Extracranial 0.39 (0.28–0.53) <0.001 0.42 (0.30–0.59) <0.001 0.31 (0.18–0.53) <0.001 1.20 (0.67–2.14) 0.55
Small vessel disease 2.74 (2.19–3.44) <0.001 2.65 (2.09–3.38) <0.001 3.24 (2.37–4.44) <0.001 0.86 (0.65–1.13) 0.27
Cardioembolic 0.61 (0.50–0.74) <0.001 0.65 (0.52–0.81) <0.001 0.47 (0.33–0.67) <0.001 1.48 (1.04–2.10) 0.03
Tandem 0.76 (0.51–1.14) 0.19 0.73 (0.46–1.15) 0.18 0.92 (0.49–1.74) 0.81 0.87 (0.44–1.70) 0.68
Other cause 0.37 (0.23–0.58) <0.001 0.46 (0.28–0.75) 0.002 0.21 (0.11–0.40) <0.001 2.54 (1.35–4.76) 0.004
Ischaemic unknown 1.11 (0.91–1.35) 0.32 1.10 (0.89–1.37) 0.38 1.03 (0.76–1.40) 0.83 0.96 (0.71–1.29) 0.78
  1. Odds ratios (OR) and P values for each stroke subtype were obtained using logistic regression analyses adjusted for age and sex
  2. CI, Confidence interval