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Table 7 Risk factor and deprivation adjusted comparison of stroke subtypes in white and black stroke populations

From: Differences in the distribution of stroke subtypes in a UK black stroke population – final results from the South London Ethnicity and Stroke Study

  Black vs. White Black Caribbean vs. White Black African vs. White Black Caribbean vs. Black African
OR (95 % CI) P OR (95 % CI) P OR (95 % CI) P OR (95 % CI) P
Intracerebral haemorrhage 1.03 (0.72–1.48) 0.86 1.02 (0.69–1.50) 0.93 1.16 (0.67–2.01) 0.61 0.99 (0.67–1.47) 0.96
Large vessel disease 0.52 (0.37–0.74) <0.001 0.47 (0.32–0.70) <0.001 0.65 (0.38–1.10) 0.11 0.67 (0.42–1.04) 0.08
Intracranial 1.80 (0.81–4.02) 0.15 1.61 (0.66–3.95) 0.30 3.27 (1.17–9.12) 0.02 0.46 (0.24–0.89) 0.02
Extracranial 0.39 (0.26–0.58) <0.001 0.37 (0.24–0.57) <0.001 0.35 (0.18–0.68) 0.002 0.93 (0.51–1.73) 0.83
Small vessel disease 2.60 (1.94–3.48) <0.001 2.40 (1.76–3.28) <0.001 3.61 (2.32–5.63) <0.001 0.82 (0.61–1.11) 0.20
Cardioembolic 0.77 (0.59–1.00) 0.05 0.84 (0.63–1.11) 0.21 0.62 (0.39–0.97) 0.04 1.44 (0.99–2.10) 0.06
Tandem 0.83 (0.49–1.44) 0.51 0.91 (0.51–1.62) 0.74 0.66 (0.28–1.55) 0.35 0.89 (0.44–1.77) 0.73
Other cause 0.51 (0.29–0.90) 0.02 0.62 (0.34–1.14) 0.13 0.26 (0.11–0.61) 0.002 2.28 (1.19–4.38) 0.01
Ischaemic unknown 0.98 (0.76–1.28) 0.90 0.97 (0.73–1.28) 0.82 0.93 (0.62–1.40) 0.73 0.96 (0.70–1.32) 0.81
  1. Odds ratios (OR) and P values for each stroke subtype were obtained using logistic regression analyses adjusted for age, sex, hypertension, diabetes, hypercholesterolaemia, smoking, body mass index, ischaemic heart disease, peripheral vascular disease and deprivation index
  2. CI, Confidence interval