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Table 1 Participating patient characteristics

From: The CARE Plus study – a whole-system intervention to improve quality of life of primary care patients with multimorbidity in areas of high socioeconomic deprivation: exploratory cluster randomised controlled trial and cost-utility analysis

Characteristics Usual care (N = 76) CARE Plus (N = 76) p value for difference between groups
Sex:
 Female 39 (51 %) 46 (61 %) 0.35
 Male 37 (49 %) 30 (39 %)  
Age:
Mean (SD) 53.1 (8.0) 51.9 (9.6) 0.52
 <50 22 (29 %) 28 (37 %)  
 50–59 34 (45 %) 28 (37 %)  
  ≥ 60 20 (26 %) 20 (26 %)  
Index of Multiple Deprivation:
 Mean (SD) 52.8 (21.9) 49.8 (22.0) 0.54
 Q1 (least deprived) 2 (3 %) 2 (3 %)  
 Q2 1 (1 %) 3 (4 %)  
 Q3 4 (5 %) 5 (6 %)  
 Q4 7 (9 %) 8 (11 %)  
 Q5 (most deprived) 61 (82 %) 57 (76 %)  
Number of chronic conditions:
 Mean (SD) 5.1 (2.1) 4.8 (2.6) 0.51
 2 7 (9 %) 14 (18 %)  
 3 12 (16 %) 11 (14 %)  
 4 14 (18 %) 18 (24 %)  
 5 13 (17 %) 12 (16 %)  
 ≥6 30 (40 %) 21 (28 %)  
Burden of multimorbidity
 Mean (SD) 3.1 (1.0) 3.2 (1.1) 0.40
Primary patient outcomes
 EQ5D-5 L 0.419 (0.325) 0.419 (0.318) 0.99
 W-BQ12 General Well-being Score (total) 16.0 (8.0) 14.3 (9.0) 0.29
 W-BQ12 Negative Well-being Score 5.1 (3.5) 6.3 (4.1) 0.14
 W-BQ12 Energy Score 3.2 (2.7) 3.1 (2.8) 0.86
 W-BQ12 Positive Well-being Score 5.8 (3.5) 5.7 (3.7) 0.79
  1. Summary statistics are presented as mean (SD) or number (per cent)