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Table 3 Relative risks and 95 % confidence intervals (CI) of coronary heart disease (CHD) incidence and CHD mortality by education

From: The role of health-related behavioural factors in accounting for inequalities in coronary heart disease risk by education and area deprivation: prospective study of 1.2 million UK women

Education Tertiary Secondary Technical No qualifications LRa % reduction in LRa
    Compulsory schooling < Compulsory schooling  
No. of women 161,030 318,635 203,830 491,521 27,967   
CHD INCIDENCE
No. of first CHD events 5900 14,414 11,216 37,516 2851   
Relative risk (95 % CI), adjusted for:
 Age, birth cohort, region only 1.00 (–) 1.23 (1.19–1.27) 1.42 (1.38–1.47) 1.92 (1.86–1.97) 2.46 (2.35–2.57) 4262
 Age, birth cohort, region, deprivation 1.00 (–) 1.21 (1.18–1.25) 1.39 (1.34–1.43) 1.73 (1.68–1.77) 2.13 (2.04–2.23) 2653 38
 Age, birth cohort, region, smoking 1.00 (–) 1.19 (1.15–1.23) 1.35 (1.31–1.40) 1.70 (1.66–1.75) 2.15 (2.06–2.25) 2757 35
 Age, birth cohort, region, alcohol 1.00 (–) 1.21 (1.17–1.24) 1.37 (1.33–1.41) 1.76 (1.71–1.81) 2.18 (2.09–2.28) 2963 31
 Age, birth cohort, region, physical inactivity 1.00 (–) 1.20 (1.16–1.24) 1.36 (1.32–1.40) 1.76 (1.71–1.81) 2.23 (2.13–2.34) 3086 28
 Age, birth cohort, region, body mass index 1.00 (–) 1.21 (1.17–1.25) 1.38 (1.34–1.42) 1.79 (1.74–1.84) 2.26 (2.16–2.37) 3353 21
 Age, birth cohort, region, health behavioursb 1.00 (–) 1.13 (1.10–1.17) 1.23 (1.19–1.27) 1.41 (1.37–1.45) 1.71 (1.64–1.79) 1041 76
 Age, birth cohort, region, health behaviours,bplus deprivation 1.00 (–) 1.13 (1.09–1.16) 1.22 (1.18–1.26) 1.34 (1.31–1.38) 1.61 (1.54–1.68) 722 83
CHD MORTALITY
No. of CHD deaths 415 1104 806 3415 292   
Relative risk (95 % CI), adjusted for:
 Age, birth cohort, region only 1.00 (–) 1.34 (1.20–1.50) 1.41 (1.25–1.58) 2.34 (2.12–2.60) 3.23 (2.78–3.75) 626
 Age, birth cohort, region, deprivation 1.00 (–) 1.31 (1.17–1.47) 1.35 (1.20–1.52) 1.98 (1.79–2.20) 2.58 (2.21–3.00) 351 44
 Age, birth cohort, region, smoking 1.00 (–) 1.23 (1.10–1.38) 1.25 (1.11–1.40) 1.78 (1.60–1.97) 2.34 (2.01–2.72) 281 55
 Age, birth cohort, region, alcohol 1.00 (–) 1.31 (1.17–1.47) 1.35 (1.20–1.52) 2.06 (1.86–2.29) 2.68 (2.31–3.12) 408 35
 Age, birth cohort, region, physical inactivity 1.00 (–) 1.28 (1.14–1.43) 1.29 (1.15–1.45) 1.99 (1.80–2.21) 2.68 (2.30–3.11) 399 36
 Age, birth cohort, region, body mass index 1.00 (–) 1.32 (1.18–1.48) 1.37 (1.22–1.55) 2.20 (1.99–2.44) 2.96 (2.54–3.44) 517 17
 Age, birth cohort, region, health behavioursb 1.00 (–) 1.16 (1.04–1.30) 1.10 (0.98–1.24) 1.36 (1.23–1.51) 1.70 (1.45–1.98) 80 87
 Age, birth cohort, region, health behaviours,bplus deprivation 1.00 (–) 1.15 (1.03–1.29) 1.09 (0.97–1.23) 1.28 (1.15–1.42) 1.55 (1.33–1.81) 48 92
  1. aLikelihood-ratio test statistic
  2. bSmoking, alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, body mass index