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Table 4 Relative risks and 95 % confidence intervals (CIs) of coronary heart disease (CHD) incidence and CHD mortality by area deprivation

From: The role of health-related behavioural factors in accounting for inequalities in coronary heart disease risk by education and area deprivation: prospective study of 1.2 million UK women

Area deprivation Least deprived quintile Q2 Q3 Q4 Most deprived quintile LRa % reduction in LRa
No. of women 248,286 244,341 242,627 239,401 228,328   
CHD INCIDENCE
No. of first CHD events 11,052 12,309 13,365 15,429 19,742   
Relative risk (95 % CI), adjusted for:
 Age, birth cohort, region only 1.00 (–) 1.12 (1.09–1.15) 1.24 (1.21–1.27) 1.46 (1.43–1.50) 1.96 (1.92–2.01) 4147
 Age, birth cohort, region, education 1.00 (–) 1.09 (1.06–1.12) 1.18 (1.15–1.21) 1.35 (1.32–1.39) 1.72 (1.67–1.76) 2538 39
 Age, birth cohort, region, smoking 1.00 (–) 1.09 (1.07–1.12) 1.19 (1.16–1.22) 1.36 (1.32–1.39) 1.70 (1.66–1.74) 2461 41
 Age, birth cohort, region, alcohol 1.00 (–) 1.11 (1.08–1.13) 1.21 (1.18–1.24) 1.40 (1.37–1.44) 1.82 (1.77–1.86) 3171 24
 Age, birth cohort, region, physical inactivity 1.00 (–) 1.11 (1.08–1.14) 1.21 (1.18–1.25) 1.41 (1.38–1.45) 1.84 (1.80–1.89) 3348 19
 Age, birth cohort, region, body mass index 1.00 (–) 1.10 (1.08–1.13) 1.21 (1.18–1.24) 1.40 (1.37–1.44) 1.84 (1.79–1.88) 3352 19
 Age, birth cohort, region, health behavioursb 1.00 (–) 1.06 (1.04–1.09) 1.12 (1.10–1.15) 1.23 (1.20–1.26) 1.45 (1.42–1.49) 1187 71
 Age, birth cohort, region, health behaviours,bplus education 1.00 (–) 1.05 (1.03–1.08) 1.10 (1.07–1.13) 1.20 (1.17–1.23) 1.38 (1.35–1.41) 867 79
CHD MORTALITY
No. of CHD deaths 727 965 1045 1357 1938   
Relative risk (95 % CI), adjusted for:
 Age, birth cohort, region only 1.00 (–) 1.32 (1.20–1.46) 1.45 (1.32–1.60) 1.92 (1.75–2.10) 2.91 (2.67–3.17) 814
 Age, birth cohort, region, education 1.00 (–) 1.28 (1.16–1.41) 1.36 (1.24–1.50) 1.73 (1.58–1.90) 2.45 (2.24–2.67) 539 34
 Age, birth cohort, region, smoking 1.00 (–) 1.25 (1.14–1.38) 1.31 (1.20–1.45) 1.60 (1.46–1.76) 2.09 (1.91–2.28) 362 56
 Age, birth cohort, region, alcohol 1.00 (–) 1.30 (1.18–1.43) 1.39 (1.27–1.53) 1.79 (1.63–1.96) 2.56 (2.35–2.79) 610 25
 Age, birth cohort, region, physical inactivity 1.00 (–) 1.30 (1.18–1.43) 1.40 (1.28–1.54) 1.80 (1.65–1.97) 2.60 (2.38–2.83) 636 22
 Age, birth cohort, region, body mass index 1.00 (–) 1.31 (1.19–1.44) 1.41 (1.28–1.55) 1.83 (1.67–2.01) 2.69 (2.47–2.94) 691 15
 Age, birth cohort, region, health behavioursb 1.00 (–) 1.21 (1.10–1.33) 1.22 (1.11–1.34) 1.40 (1.28–1.54) 1.68 (1.54–1.84) 168 79
 Age, birth cohort, region, health behaviours,bplus education 1.00 (–) 1.20 (1.09–1.32) 1.20 (1.09–1.32) 1.37 (1.25–1.50) 1.61 (1.47–1.76) 135 83
  1. aLikelihood-ratio test statistic
  2. bSmoking, alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, body mass index