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Table 2 Baseline and demographic data. Values are numbers (percentages) unless specified otherwise

From: How effective are volunteers at supporting people in their last year of life? A pragmatic randomised wait-list trial in palliative care (ELSA)

Demographics Immediate n = 92 Wait n = 87
Age, mean ± SD 72 ± 12.03 72 ± 12.50
Sex, female n (%) 56 (61) 53 (61)
Education, standard n (%) 62 (76) 54 (70)
Marital status, single n (%) 54 (61) 61 (72)
Living status, living alone n (%) 47 (53) 54 (64)
Occupation, retired n (%) 74 (86) 70 (82)
Ethnicity, white British n (%) 81 (92) 76 (89)
Spirituality, religious n (%) 58 (71) 51 (69)
Cancer diagnosis, n (%) 37 (41) 47 (55)
Baseline quality of life
 Quality of life, poor or very poor n (%) 38 (44) 37 (44)
 Are you dissatisfied with your health? n (%) 62 (70) 65 (76)
Quality of life, mean ± SD
 QoL Physical 32.09 ± 15.21 34.95 ± 17.42
 QoL Psychological 46.52 ± 19.10 45.74 ± 17.01
 QoL Environment 58.75 ± 16.23 57.05 ± 14.76
 QoL Social relationships 55.47 ± 23.26 52.88 ± 26.41
Loneliness, mean ± SD
 Social loneliness 1.51 ± 1.21 1.69 ± 1.25
 Emotional loneliness 1.70 ± 1.11 2.12 ± 0.87
 Total loneliness score 3.17 ± 1.89 3.77 ± 1.66
Social support, mean ± SD
 mMOSS instrumental 3.27 ± 1.31 3.00 ± 1.28
 mMOSS emotional 3.25 ± 1.10 3.98 ± 1.09
 mMOSS total 3.27 ± 1.08 3.01 ± 1.07
Contacts
 Number of people in contact with over last 2 weeks, mean ± SD 4.39 ± 2.41 4.41 ± 2.56
 Overall number of contacts (visits, phone calls) over last 2 weeks, mean ± SD 39.85 ± 31.03 46.29 ± 45.33
  1. The WHOQOL-BREF comprises four individually scored domains. Domain scores are calculated by computing the mean scores within the domain, noting that negatively phrased questions are reverse scored. Domain scores are transformed to a 0–100 scale according to the formula in the WHOQOL Manual. Lower scores indicate a worse quality of life
  2. QoL quality of life, mMOSS Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Survey