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Table 3 Estimated rate of change from baseline to week 4 (Phase 1) and 4–12 weeks follow-up (Phase 2)

From: How effective are volunteers at supporting people in their last year of life? A pragmatic randomised wait-list trial in palliative care (ELSA)

Measure Immediate b (95% CI) Wait b (95% CI) Immediate vs. Wait b (95% CI)
QoL Physical domain    
Phase 1 0.84 (–2.24 to 3.92) –3.14 (–6.23 to –0.05) 3.98 (–0.38 to 8.34)
Phase 2 0.97 (–2.51 to 4.47) –0.15 (–2.22 to 1.92) 1.12 (–2.93 to 5.19)
QoL Psychological domain    
Phase 1 0.27 (–3.11 to 3.66) –2.32 (–5.77 to 1.13) 2.59 (–2.24 to 7.43)
Phase 2 0.61 (–3.22 to 4.44) –1.21 (–3.49 to 1.07) 1.82 (–2.63 to 6.28)
QoL Environmental domain    
Phase 1 –3.34 (–6.53 to –0.16) –3.14 (–6.23 to –0.05) 0.39 (–4.13 to 4.91)
Phase 2 2.95 (–0.70 to 6.61) 0.46 (–1.69 to 2.61) 2.50 (–1.75 to 6.73)
  1. QoL quality of life, CI confidence interval