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Short Physical Performance Battery and all-cause mortality: systematic review and meta-analysis

  • Rita Pavasini1Email author,
  • Jack Guralnik2,
  • Justin C. Brown3,
  • Mauro di Bari4,
  • Matteo Cesari5, 6,
  • Francesco Landi7,
  • Bert Vaes8, 9,
  • Delphine Legrand10,
  • Joe Verghese11,
  • Cuiling Wang12,
  • Sari Stenholm13,
  • Luigi Ferrucci14,
  • Jennifer C. Lai15,
  • Anna Arnau Bartes16,
  • Joan Espaulella17,
  • Montserrat Ferrer18, 19,
  • Jae-Young Lim20,
  • Kristine E. Ensrud21, 22,
  • Peggy Cawthon23,
  • Anna Turusheva10,
  • Elena Frolova24,
  • Yves Rolland5, 6,
  • Valerie Lauwers25,
  • Andrea Corsonello26,
  • Gregory D. Kirk27,
  • Roberto Ferrari1, 28,
  • Stefano Volpato29 and
  • Gianluca Campo1
BMC Medicine201614:215

Received: 15 August 2016

Accepted: 1 December 2016

Published: 22 December 2016

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Open Peer Review reports

Pre-publication versions of this article and author comments to reviewers are available by contacting

Original Submission
15 Aug 2016 Submitted Original manuscript
Author responded Author comments
Reviewed Reviewer Report
Resubmission - Version 2
Submitted Manuscript version 2
Author responded Author comments
Reviewed Reviewer Report
Resubmission - Version 3
Submitted Manuscript version 3
1 Dec 2016 Editorially accepted
22 Dec 2016 Article published 10.1186/s12916-016-0763-7

How does Open Peer Review work?

Open peer review is a system where authors know who the reviewers are, and the reviewers know who the authors are. If the manuscript is accepted, the named reviewer reports are published alongside the article. Pre-publication versions of the article and author comments to reviewers are available by contacting All previous versions of the manuscript and all author responses to the reviewers are also available.

You can find further information about the peer review system here.

Authors’ Affiliations

Cardiology Unit, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria S.Anna
University of Maryland School of Medicine
Division of Population Sciences, Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Department of Critical Care Medicine and Surgery, Unit of Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine, University of Florence and Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Careggi
Gérontopôle, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Toulouse
INSERM UMR1027, Université de Toulouse III Paul Sabatier
Department of Geriatrics, Neurosciences and Orthopaedics, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart
Institute of Health and Society, Université catholique de Louvain (UCL)
Department of Public Health and Primary Care, KU Leuven (KUL)
Institut de Recherche Sante et Societe, Universite Catholique de Louvain
Department of Neurology & Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Department of Epidemiology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Department of Public Health, University of Turku
National Institute on Aging, Longitudinal Studies Section, Clinical Research Branch, NIA-ASTRA Unit, Harbor Hospital
Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of California San Francisco
Clinical Research Unit, Althaia Xarxa Assistencial Universitària de Manresa
Servei de Geriatria i Cures Palliatives, Hospital Universitari de la Santa Creu
Health Services Research Group, IMIM, Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute
CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP)
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine
Medicine and Epidemiology & Community Health, University of Minnesota
General Internal Medicine, Minneapolis VA Health Care System
California Pacific Medical Center Research Institute
Department of Family Medicine, The North-Western State Medical University named after I.I. Mechnikov
Faculte’ de Me’ decine, Laboratoire d’Epidemiologie et Sante’ Communautaire (Unite’ Inserm 558)
Unit of Geriatric Pharmacoepidemiology, Research Hospital of Cosenza, Italian National Research Centre on Aging (INRCA)
Departments of Epidemiology and Medicine, Johns Hopkins University
Maria Cecilia Hospital, GVM Care & Research, E.S.: Health Science Foundation
Department of Medical Science, Section of Internal and Cardiorespiratory Medicine, University of Ferrara