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Table 1 Demographic, socioeconomic, and clinical characteristics of the study population (n = 5249)

From: Health-related quality of life and psychological distress among cancer survivors in Southeast Asia: results from a longitudinal study in eight low- and middle-income countries

Characteristic All
  N %
Age, years
  < 45 1569 30
 45–54 1577 30
 55–64 1369 26
  ≥ 65 732 14
 Missing 2 <1
Sex
 Male 1618 31
 Female 3631 69
Marital status
 Married 4047 77
 Unmarried 1202 23
Level of education
 0–6 years (primary) 1932 37
 7–12 years (secondary) 2169 41
  > 12 years (tertiary) 1148 22
Country of residence
 Cambodia 131 3
 Indonesia 673 13
 Laos 56 1
 Malaysia 1361 26
 Myanmar 554 11
 Philippines 458 9
 Thailand 838 16
 Vietnam 1178 22
Household income (of mean national income)
 Low 1643 31
 Med 1048 20
 High 1815 35
 Do not know/missing 743 14
Health insurance status
 Yes 2249 43
 None 2999 57
 Missing 1 < 1
Experienced economic hardship in the year before diagnosis
 Yes 2643 50
 No 2605 50
 Missing 1 < 1
Paid work (patient level) before diagnosis (self-employed or for a wage)
 Yes 2481 47
 No 2768 53
Cancer site
 Mouth and pharynx 571 11
 Esophagus 49 < 1
 Stomach 143 3
 Colon and rectum 552 11
 Liver 26 < 1
 Pancreas 26 < 1
 Trachea, bronchus and lung 226 4
 Melanoma 18 < 1
 Breast 1654 32
 Cervix 598 11
 Uterus 127 2
 Ovary 123 2
 Prostate 27 < 1
 Bladder 20 < 1
 Lymphomas and multiple myeloma 241 5
 Leukemia 195 4
 Other malignant neoplasms 617 12
 Missing 36 < 1
Cancer (TNM) stage at diagnosis
 Stage I 437 8
 Stage II 1190 23
 Stage III 984 19
 Stage IV 561 11
 None (hematological cancers) 436 8
 Missing 1641 31
Treatmenta
 Surgery 2931 56
 Radiotherapy 2438 46
 Chemotherapy 3550 68
 Hormonal therapy 496 9
Pre-existing chronic conditions (as reported in medical files)
 0 4032 77
 1 839 16
  ≥ 2 352 7
 Missing 26 < 1
  1. aCategories are not mutually exclusive since most patients received a combination of treatments