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Table 1 Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics (count, %) of patients who died from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and interstitial pulmonary disease (IPD), England 2001–2014

From: Which patients with advanced respiratory disease die in hospital? A 14-year population-based study of trends and associated factors

Variable Value COPD N = 334,520 IPD N = 45,712
Age in years Mean (SD) 78.2 (9.7) 77.0 (10.5)
  Min–max 0–108 0–105
Age group 0–54 5593 (1.7) 1284 (2.8)
  55–64 25,283 (7.6) 3503 (7.7)
  65–74 73,095 (21.9) 11,180 (24.5)
  75–84 139,030 (41.6) 18,893 (41.3)
  85+ 91,519 (27.4) 10,852 (23.7)
Sex Male 175,226 (52.4) 28,231 (61.8)
  Female 159,294 (47.6) 17,481 (38.2)
Marital status Married 123,808 (37.0) 24,342 (53.3)
  Widowed 146,706 (43.9) 15,280 (33.4)
  Divorced 36,137 (10.8) 3129 (6.8)
  Single 25,240 (7.5) 2651 (5.8)
  Not stated/unknown 2629 (0.8) 310 (0.7)
Number of contributing causes of death (co-morbidities) 0 42,769 (12.8) 9547 (20.9)
  1 117,532 (35.1) 15,718 (34.4)
  2 94,070 (28.1) 11,166 (24.4)
  3 47,641 (14.2) 5496 (12.0)
  4+ 32,508 (9.7) 3785 (8.3)
Settlement Urban 281,013 (84.0) 36,938 (80.8)
  Rural 53,507 (16.0) 8774 (19.2)
Indices of Multiple Deprivation 1 – Most deprived 93,671 (28.0) 8632 (18.9)
  2 76,635 (22.9) 8769 (19.2)
  3 65,336 (19.5) 9698 (21.2)
  4 55,901 (16.7) 9783 (21.4)
  5 – Least deprived 42,969 (12.8) 8829 (19.3)
Clinical senate (i.e. region) Cheshire & Merseyside 20,004 (6.0) 2707 (5.9)
  East Midlands 28,848 (8.6) 4325 (9.5)
  East of England 33,243 (9.9) 4693 (10.3)
  Greater Manchester, Lancashire and south Cumbria 33,367 (10.0) 4273 (9.3)
  London 36,184 (10.8) 4091 (8.9)
  North East, north Cumbria, and the Hambleton & Richmondshire districts of North Yorkshire 26,546 (7.9) 3185 (7.0)
  South East Coast 27,489 (8.2) 3803 (8.3)
  South West 28,042 (8.4) 4270 (9.3)
  Thames Valley 9265 (2.8) 1378 (3.0)
  Wessex 15,930 (4.8) 2571 (5.6)
  West Midlands 36,088 (10.8) 5473 (12.0)
  Yorkshire & The Humber 39,514 (11.8) 4943 (10.8)
Year of death (average/year) 2001–2004 93,212 (23,303/year) 9612 (2403/year)
2005–2008 93,008 (23,252/year) 11,557 (2889/year)
2009–2014 148,300 (24,717/year) 24,543 (4091/year)
Place of death Hospital 225,024 (67.3) 32,066 (70.1)
  Home 66,510 (19.9) 8748 (19.1)
  Hospice 2882 (0.9) 1330 (2.9)
  Nursing home 21,142 (6.3) 1935 (4.2)
  Care/Residential home 16,358 (4.9) 1318 (2.9)
  Elsewhere 2604 (0.8) 315 (0.7)
  1. Comparison of IPD versus COPD all P < 0.0001