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Table 1 PICOS search strategy and sources for the reviews

From: Systematic meta-review of supported self-management for asthma: a healthcare perspective

  PRISMS systematic meta-review RECURSIVE systematic review
Population Adults/children with asthma, from all social and demographic settings. Multi-condition studies if asthma data reported. Adults (≥18 years) with asthma (within a wider search of long-term conditions), excluding studies in the developing world.
Intervention Self-management support interventions. Self-management support interventions.
Comparator Typically ‘usual care’ or less intense self-management interventions. Typically ‘usual care’ or less intense self-management interventions.
Outcomes Unscheduled use of healthcare services (admissions, A&E attendances, unscheduled consultations), health outcomes (asthma control), quality of life, process outcomes (ownership of action plans, self-efficacy). Healthcare utilisation with comprehensive measures of costs or major cost drivers (i.e. hospitalisation, A&E attendances), quality of life.
Settings Any healthcare setting. Any healthcare setting.
Study design Systematic reviews of RCTs.
RCTs published after the date of the last search in the included systematic reviews (see Additional file 2).
Dates Initial database search: January 1993 (3 years before the publication of the earliest systematic review identified in scoping work) to July 2012. Manual and forward citations were completed in November 2012.
Update search: March 2015. Pre-publication update January 2017.
Initial database search: inception to May 2012.
Update search: September 2015.
Databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, AMED, BNI, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects, and ISI Proceedings (Web of Science). CENTRAL, CINAHL, EconLit, EMBASE, Health Economics Evaluations Database, MEDLINE, MEDLINE In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations, NHS Economic Evaluation Database, and the PsycINFO.
Manual searching Systematic Reviews, Health Education and Behaviour, Health Education Research, Journal of Behavioural Medicine, and Patient Education and Counseling. Systematic Reviews.
Forward citations On all included systematic reviews. Bibliographies of eligible reviews. None.
In progress studies Abstracts were used to identify recently published trials. Abstracts were used to identify recently published trials.
Other exclusions Previous versions of updated reviews.
Papers not published in English.
Not applicable.
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