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Table 5 Analysis of 3-year Quality and Outcomes Framework indicators for population achievement

From: Incentivised chronic disease management and the inverse equity hypothesis: findings from a longitudinal analysis of Scottish primary care practice-level data

Predictor   Univariate (odds ratios) Best fit (odds ratios)
Estimated (95% CI), P value Overall P value Estimated (95% CI), P value Overall P value
Year 2010/2011* 2011/2012 2012/2013 - 0.991 (0.9880.995), P < 0.001 1.006 (1.0031.010), P < 0.001 P < 0.001 - 0.998 (0.9941.001), P = 0.164 1.012 (1.0081.015), P < 0.001 P < 0.001
Practice population: % in top 15% most deprived None* <5% 5–15% 15–25% 25–50% >50% - 0.968 (0.9540.982), P < 0.001 0.894 (0.8650.924), P < 0.001 0.894 (0.8630.926), P < 0.001 0.832 (0.8000.864), P < 0.001 0.854 (0.8160.895), P < 0.001 P < 0.001 - 0.980 (0.9660.995), P = 0.007 0.940 (0.9120.970), P < 0.001 0.912 (0.8820.942), P < 0.001 0.862 (0.8320.893), P < 0.001 0.837 (0.8020.873), P < 0.001 P < 0.001
Practice population: mean age <40* 40–41 ≥42 - 1.037 (0.9881.088), P = 0.138 1.117 (1.0641.173), P < 0.001 P < 0.001 removed during backward stepwise regression  
Practice population: list size <5000* 5–10,000 ≥10,000 - 0.882 (0.8470.918), P < 0.001 0.881 (0.8220.945), P < 0.001 P < 0.001 - 0.913 (0.8810.947), P < 0.001 0.918 (0.8630.975), P = 0.006 P = 0.003
Practice population: patients per GP <1000* 1000–1500 ≥1500 - 0.951 (0.9100.995), P = 0.028 0.920 (0.8730.970), P = 0.002 P = 0.005 removed during backward stepwise regression  
Practice GPs: number of GPs 1* 2–3 4–6 ≥7 - 0.999 (0.9161.090), P = 0.983 0.949 (0.8701.035), P = 0.235 0.908 (0.8310.992), P = 0.032 P = 0.002 removed during backward stepwise regression  
Practice GPs: mean age ≤44* 45–49 ≥50 - 0.980 (0.9361.027), P = 0.396 0.985 (0.9361.036), P = 0.553 P = 0.683 - 0.999 (0.9611.039), P = 0.974 0.951 (0.9100.993), P = 0.023 P = 0.038
Practice: urban/rural Large urban Other urban Small town Rural -* 1.045 (0.9961.096), P = 0.073 1.048 (0.9861.114), P = 0.130 1.210 (1.1491.275), P < 0.001 P < 0.001 removed during backward stepwise regression  
Indicator: threshold increasing No* Yes - 0.617 (0.3731.020), P = 0.060 P = 0.060 removed during backward stepwise regression  
  1. * Reference group for odds ratio
  2. CI confidence interval, GP general practitioner