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Table 4 Results during follow-up after discharge among those who recovered by study group

From: Effects of unconditional cash transfers on the outcome of treatment for severe acute malnutrition (SAM): a cluster-randomised trial in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Parameters Intervention arm Control arm P valuea
Number (%) 707 (51.7) 660 (48.3)
Relapse to MAM, n (%)b 91 (12.9) 292 (44.2) <0.001
 Relapse to WHZ < –2 and ≥ –3 58 (8.2) 201 (30.5)  
 Relapse to MUAC <125 mm and ≥115 mm 57 (8.1) 279 (42.3)  
Relapse to SAM, n (%)c 24 (3.4) 73 (11.1) <0.001
 Relapse to WHZ < -3 8 (1.1) 30 (4.5)  
 Relapse to MUAC <115 mm 0 (0.0) 22 (3.3)  
 Relapse to oedema 16 (2.3) 26 (3.9)  
Length/height change (mm/week), mean (SD) 1.35 ±1.33 1.45 ±0.18 0.602
Weight change (gram/kg/day), mean (SD)d 0.86 ±0.66 0.46 ±0.72 <0.001
MUAC change (mm/day), mean (SD) 0.060 ±0.05 0.012 ±0.04 <0.001
HAZ change (Z-score/month), mean (SD) –0.018** ±0.18 0.003 ±0.15 0.502
WAZ change (Z-score/month), mean (SD)d 0.08** ±0.15 –0.01 ±0.15 <0.001
WHZ change (Z-score/month), mean (SD)d 0.13** ±0.24 –0.03** ±0.22 0.006
BMIZ change (Z-score/month), mean (SD)d 0.14** ±0.28 – 0.02* ±0.23 0.017
MUACZ-age change (Z-score/month), mean (SD) 0.132** ±0.14 – 0.001 ±0.14 <0.001
MUACZ-ht change (Z-score/month), mean (SD) 0.141** ±0.14 0.005 ±0.15 <0.001
  1. *P < 0.05 for change in standardised anthropometric parameter different from zero
  2. **P < 0.001 for change in standardised anthropometric parameter significantly different from zero
  3. aComparisons between arms were made by using linear mixed-effects models for continuous outcomes, whereas mixed-effects logistic regression models were used for proportions, with health centre as random effects
  4. bRelapse to MAM was defined as the development of a WHZ < –2.0 and ≥ –3.0 (WHO Growth Standards 2006) or MUAC <125 mm and ≥115 mm (without bilateral oedema) at least once during the monthly follow-up visits without the child developing SAM criteria during any other follow-up visit
  5. cRelapse to SAM was defined as development of a WHZ < −3.0 (WHO Growth Standards 2006) or MUAC <115 mm or presence of bilateral oedema at least once during the monthly follow-up visits
  6. dChildren with oedema were excluded from the analysis of parameters including weight