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Tall height and obesity are associated with an increased risk of aggressive prostate cancer: results from the EPIC cohort study

  • Aurora Perez-Cornago1Email author,
  • Paul N. Appleby1,
  • Tobias Pischon2,
  • Konstantinos K. Tsilidis3, 4,
  • Anne Tjønneland5,
  • Anja Olsen5,
  • Kim Overvad6,
  • Rudolf Kaaks7,
  • Tilman Kühn7,
  • Heiner Boeing8,
  • Annika Steffen8,
  • Antonia Trichopoulou9, 10,
  • Pagona Lagiou9, 10, 11,
  • Maria Kritikou9,
  • Vittorio Krogh12,
  • Domenico Palli13,
  • Carlotta Sacerdote14,
  • Rosario Tumino15,
  • H. Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita4, 16, 17,
  • Antonio Agudo18,
  • Nerea Larrañaga19, 20,
  • Elena Molina-Portillo20, 21,
  • Aurelio Barricarte20, 22, 23,
  • Maria-Dolores Chirlaque20, 24, 25,
  • J. Ramón Quirós26,
  • Pär Stattin27, 28,
  • Christel Häggström27, 29,
  • Nick Wareham30,
  • Kay-Tee Khaw31,
  • Julie A. Schmidt1,
  • Marc Gunter32,
  • Heinz Freisling32,
  • Dagfinn Aune4,
  • Heather Ward4,
  • Elio Riboli4,
  • Timothy J. Key1 and
  • Ruth C. Travis1
BMC Medicine201715:115

Received: 8 December 2016

Accepted: 16 May 2017

Published: 13 July 2017

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Open Peer Review reports

Pre-publication versions of this article are available by contacting

Original Submission
8 Dec 2016 Submitted Original manuscript
26 Jan 2017 Reviewed Reviewer Report - Emma Allott
10 Feb 2017 Reviewed Reviewer Report - Neil Fleshner
14 Mar 2017 Author responded Author comments - Aurora Perez-Cornago
Resubmission - Version 2
14 Mar 2017 Submitted Manuscript version 2
23 Mar 2017 Reviewed Reviewer Report - Emma Allott
2 May 2017 Reviewed Reviewer Report - Neil Fleshner
11 May 2017 Author responded Author comments - Aurora Perez-Cornago
Resubmission - Version 3
11 May 2017 Submitted Manuscript version 3
16 May 2017 Editorially accepted
13 Jul 2017 Article published 10.1186/s12916-017-0876-7

How does Open Peer Review work?

Open peer review is a system where authors know who the reviewers are, and the reviewers know who the authors are. If the manuscript is accepted, the named reviewer reports are published alongside the article. Pre-publication versions of the article are available by contacting

You can find further information about the peer review system here.

Authors’ Affiliations

Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
Molecular Epidemiology Group, Max Delbrueck Center for Molecular Medicine in the Helmholtz Association (MDC), Berlin, Germany
Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, University of Ioannina School of Medicine, Ioannina, Greece
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
Danish Cancer Society Research Center, Copenhagen, Denmark
Department of Public Health, Section for Epidemiology, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark
Division of Cancer Epidemiology, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Heidelberg, Germany
Department of Epidemiology, German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam-Rehbrücke, Nuthetal, Germany
Hellenic Health Foundation, Athens, Greece
WHO Collaborating Center for Nutrition and Health, Unit of Nutritional Epidemiology and Nutrition in Public Health, Department of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, University of Athens Medical School, Athens, Greece
Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, USA
Epidemiology and Prevention Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, Milano, Italy
Cancer Risk Factors and Life-Style Epidemiology Unit, Cancer Research and Prevention Institute – ISPO, Florence, Italy
Unit of Cancer Epidemiology, AO Citta’ della Salute e della Scienza-University of Turin and Center for Cancer Prevention (CPO-Piemonte), Turin, Italy
Cancer Registry and Histopathology Unit, “Civic - M.P. Arezzo” Hospital, Azienda Sanitaria Provinciale, Ragusa, Italy
Department for Determinants of Chronic Diseases (DCD), National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, The Netherlands
Department of Social & Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Unit of Nutrition and Cancer, Cancer Epidemiology Research Program, Catalan Institute of Oncology-IDIBELL, L’Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain
Public Health Division of Gipuzkoa, Regional Government of the Basque Country, Donostia, Spain
CIBER of Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), Madrid, Spain
Escuela Andaluza de Salud Pública, Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria ibs, GRANADA, Hospitales Universitarios de Granada/Universidad de Granada, Granada, Spain
Navarra Public Health Institute, Pamplona, Spain
Navarra Institute for Health Research (IdiSNA), Pamplona, Spain
Department of Epidemiology, Regional Health Council, IMIB-Arrixaca, Murcia, Spain
Department of Health and Social Sciences, Universidad de Murcia, Murcia, Spain
Public Health Directorate, Asturias, Spain
Department of Surgical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Urology and Andrology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden
Department of Biobank Research, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden
MRC Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine, Cambridge, United Kingdom
Section of Nutrition and Metabolism, International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France