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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of male participants according to body mass index (BMI) categories in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study

From: Tall height and obesity are associated with an increased risk of aggressive prostate cancer: results from the EPIC cohort study

  BMI (kg/m2)
Characteristic <25 25–29.9 ≥30
Number of men 50,678 68,736 21,698
Age at baseline,a years 50.0 (11.2) 52.5 (9.4) 53.3 (8.9)
Age at diagnosis,a years 67.7 (6.9) 68.0 (6.5) 67.7 (6.3)
Smoking status, N (%)
 Never smoker 19,156 (37.8) 21,354 (31.1) 5914 (27.3)
 Former smoker 15,113 (29.8) 26,916 (39.2) 9162 (42.2)
 Current smoker 15,749 (31.1) 19,480 (28.3) 6327 (29.2)
 Unknown 660 (1.3) 986 (1.4) 295 (1.4)
Physical activity, N (%)
 Inactive 8141 (16.1) 12,998 (18.9) 5309 (24.5)
 Moderately inactive 15,452 (30.5) 21,203 (30.8) 6506 (30.0)
 Moderately active 12,597 (24.9) 16,636 (24.2) 5046 (23.3)
 Active 13,135 (25.9) 16,487 (24.0) 4539 (20.9)
 Unknown 1353 (2.7) 1412 (2.1) 298 (1.4)
Diabetes at baseline, N (%)
 No 48,380 (95.5) 64,886 (94.4) 19,692 (90.8)
 Yes 1088 (2.1) 2424 (3.5) 1542 (7.1)
 Unknown 1210 (2.4) 1426 (2.1) 464 (2.1)
Education, N (%)
 Below degree level 32,488 (64.1) 50,091 (72.9) 17,485 (80.6)
 Degree level 16,644 (32.8) 16,919 (24.6) 3730 (17.2)
 Unknown 1546 (3.1) 1726 (2.5) 483 (2.2)
Marital status, N (%)
 Married 29,318 (57.9) 38,540 (56.1) 11,029 (50.8)
 Not married 9154 (18.1) 7209 (10.5) 2099 (9.7)
 Unknown 12,206 (24.1) 22,987 (33.4) 8570 (39.5)
Height,a cm 176.2 (7.2) 174.3 (7.2) 172.6 (7.6)
BMI,a kg/m2 23.0 (1.6) 27.2 (1.4) 32.6 (2.7)
Weight,a kg 71.3 (7.3) 82.7 (7.7) 97.3 (11.4)
Waist circumference,a cm 85.8 (6.2) 96.2 (6.2) 109.0 (8.2)
Hip circumference,a cm 95.6 (4.6) 101.6 (4.7) 109.7 (6.6)
Waist to hip ratioa 0.899 (0.056) 0.948 (0.054) 0.995 (0.057)
  1. aValues are means (SD)