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Table 6 Comorbidity of SAD with other DSM-IV disorders

From: The cross-national epidemiology of social anxiety disorder: Data from the World Mental Health Survey Initiative

  SAD cases with comorbid disorders
Mood disordera Anxiety disorderb Impulse control disorderc Substance use disorderd Any mental disordere
% SE % SE % SE % SE % SE
Lifetime comorbidityf
 Lifetime 47.0 1.0 59.8 1.0 19.3 0.8 26.7 0.8 78.8 0.8
 12-month 49.8 1.2 64.9 1.2 21.9 1.1 27.0 1.0 81.8 1.0
12-month comorbidityg
 12-month 33.4 1.1 52.7 1.2 12.7 0.9 10.2 0.7 66.9 1.2
Temporal priority of SADh
 Lifetime 71.8 1.1 35.4 1.2 49.8 2.3 80.9 1.3 40.4 1.1
 12-month 69.1 1.5 31.4 1.4 48.8 2.3 79.7 1.6 35.2 1.2
  1. aRespondents with major depressive episode or bipolar disorder (broad)
  2. bRespondents with panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, specific phobia, agoraphobia, post-traumatic stress disorder, or separation anxiety disorder
  3. cRespondents with intermittent explosive disorder, conduct disorder, attention deficit disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, binge eating disorder, or bulimia nervosa
  4. dRespondents with alcohol abuse with or without dependence or drug abuse with or without dependence
  5. eRespondents with any disorder listed above
  6. fPercentage of respondents with either lifetime or 12-month SAD who also meet lifetime criteria for at least one of the other DSM-IV disorders
  7. gThe human services sector or complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) sector
  8. hPercentage of respondents with either lifetime or 12-month SAD and at least one of the other disorders, whose age of onset of SAD is reported to be younger than the age of onset of all comorbid disorders under consideration (i.e., either mood, anxiety, substance use, impulse control, or any disorder)
  9. SE standard error