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Fig. 3 | BMC Medicine

Fig. 3

From: Resisting and tolerating P. falciparum in pregnancy under different malaria transmission intensities

Fig. 3

Proportion of P. falciparum submicroscopic infections, PfHRP2 concentrations and antibody responses against P. falciparum antigens according to study area. Proportion of infections that are submicroscopic in peripheral (a) and placental (b) blood. P value according to the multivariate analysis adjusted for type of IPTp drug, season, age, gravidity, gestational age, anaemia, literacy, RPR result and MUAC at recruitment, as well as CD4 + T cell count in the case of HIV-infected women. T bars represent standard errors. B Benin, G Gabon, M Mozambique, K Kenya. c PfHRP2 concentrations, indicative of overall parasite biomass, among women with a peripheral qPCR-detected infection in Mozambique (M; n = 13) and Benin (B; n = 42). d Levels of IgG antibodies against MSP1 and DBL3X in Beninese (n = 170) and Mozambican (n = 170) women. e Levels of IgG antibodies against MSP1 and DBL3X by parity (primigravidae (PG) versus multigravidae (MG)), with the proportional increase (Δ) of the antibody levels plus 95% confidence interval in multigravidae versus primigravidae women. P values obtained from regression analysis adjusted for type of IPTp drug, season, gravidity, gestational age, anaemia, literacy, RPR result and MUAC at recruitment, as well as CD4 + T cell count in the case of HIV-infected women. MFI mean fluorescence intensity

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