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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of 3539 healthy participants who received pragmatic lifestyle modification or control lifestyle modification

From: A pragmatic lifestyle modification programme reduces the incidence of predictors of cardio-metabolic disease and dysglycaemia in a young healthy urban South Asian population: a randomised controlled trial

Characteristics Pragmatic lifestyle modification Control lifestyle modification
Number 1726 1813
Age, mean (range) years 22.5 (6–40) 22.4 (7–40)
Sex, %
 Males 837 (48.5%) 877 (48.4%)
 Female 889 (51.5% 936 (51.6%)
Prevalence of raised BMI, % 69.1 69.8
Prevalence of raised WC, % 63.0 64.4
Prevalence of a FH of T2DM, % 52.0 52.1
Prevalence of physical inactivity, % 100 100
Impaired fasting glycaemia, % 7.8 8.2
Impaired glucose tolerance, % 7.9 8.3
Smokers 5.7% 6.4%
Alcohol use 16% 17%
Waist circumference, cm 84.3 (83.7–84.8) 84.1 (83.5–84.5)
Body mass index, kg/m2 24.0 (23.8–24.2) 24.0 (23.7–24.1)
Systolic blood pressure, mmHg 114.1 (113.8–115.1) 114.0 (113.8–115.0)
Diastolic blood pressure, mmHg 71.0 (70.5–71.5) 71.1 (70.9–71.9)
Fasting plasma glucose, mmol/L 4.95 (4.9–5.0) 4.95 (4.9–5.0)
2-hour post-oral glucose tolerance test plasma glucose, mmol/L 5.84 (5.8–5.9) 5.91 (5.8–6.0)
Total cholesterol, mmol/L 4.95 (4.90–4.96) 4.96 (4.92–5.0)
Low density lipoprotein, mmol/L 3.19 (3.15–3.22) 3.22 (3.19–3.26)
High density lipoprotein, mmol/L 1.14 (1.13–1.15) 1.14 (1.13–1.16)
Serum triglycerides, mmol/L 1.25 (1.22–1.28) 1.27 (1.24–1.31)
  1. Data are mean and 95% confidence intervals unless otherwise stated
  2. There were no statistically significant differences between the two trial arms
  3. BMI body mass index, WC waist circumference, FH family history, T2DM type 2 diabetes mellitus