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Table 2 Distribution of malaria prevalence across asset-wealth quintiles in sub-Saharan African countries in 2015a

From: State of inequality in malaria intervention coverage in sub-Saharan African countries

Country Total Poorest quintile
Q1
Richest quintile Q5 Difference Q5-Q1 Ratio Q5:Q1 Concentration index (×100)
Benin 28.5 (26.6 to 30.4) 39.6 (35.2 to 44.0) 15.4 (12.0 to 18.9) –24.1 (–29.8 to –18.5) 39.0 (29.2 to 48.8) –21.0 (–25.3 to –16.8)
Burkina Faso 45.9 (43.1 to 48.7) 57.9 (53.1 to 62.7) 13.9 (8.8 to 19.1) –44.0 (–51.0 to –36.9) 24.1 (14.9 to 33.2) –32.8 (–37.6 to –28.0)
Burundi 17.3 (13.6 to 21.0) 25.9 (19.6 to 32.2) 8.4 (4.7 to 12.1) –17.5 (–24.4 to –10.6) 32.4 (16.8 to 48.0) –14.3 (–19.7 to –9.0)
Congo, Democratic Republic 22.6 (20.4 to 24.8) 23.0 (19.6 to 26.5) 12.4 (9.2 to 15.6) –10.6 (–15.4 to –5.9) 54.0 (37.8 to 70.1) –7.7 (–11.8 to –3.6)
Cote d’Ivoire 18.0 (15.3 to 20.8) 28.2 (22.8 to 33.6) 4.3 (1.8 to 6.7) –24.0 (–29.9 to –18.0) 15.1 (6.0 to 24.1) –20.6 (–25.8 to –15.5)
Ghana 26.7 (23.9 to 29.6) 42.1 (36.0 to 48.3) 7.5 (3.9 to 11.2) –34.6 (–41.8 to –27.5) 17.9 (8.9 to 26.8) –30.8 (–36.3 to –25.2)
Guinea 43.9 (40.5 to 47.2) 56.9 (51.7 to 62.2) 8.3 (4.0 to 12.6) –48.6 (–55.5 to –41.8) 14.6 (6.9 to 22.3) –32.1 (–38.2 to –26.1)
Kenya 5.0 (3.7 to 6.2) 5.8 (3.2 to 8.4) 0.9 (–0.2 to 1.9) –4.9 (–7.7 to –2.1) 15.3 (–4.2 to 34.8) –4.1 (–6.5 to –1.7)
Madagascar 6.9 (4.8 to 9.0) 14.1 (9.8 to 18.4) 0.4 (–0.1 to 0.9) –13.7 (–18.1 to –9.4) 2.6 (–1.1 to 6.3) –11.6 (–15.2 to –7.9)
Mali 51.6 (48.7 to 54.5) 69.4 (65.4 to 73.4) 15.1 (11.8 to 18.3) –54.3 (–59.5 to –49.1) 21.7 (16.8 to 26.6) –41.6 (–46.2 to –37.1)
Mozambique 35.1 (32.0 to 38.2) 53.3 (47.8 to 58.7) 6.5 (4.2 to 8.8) –46.8 (–52.5 to –41.0) 12.2 (7.8 to 16.6) –37.7 (–42.7 to –32.7)
Rwanda 2.2 (1.6 to 2.9) 4.7 (3.1 to 6.3) 0.2 (–0.2 to 0.5) –4.5 (–6.2 to –2.8) 3.9 (–3.9 to 11.7) –3.7 (–5.1 to –2.3)
Senegal 1.2 (0.6 to 1.8) 3.5 (1.6 to 5.4) 0.4 (–0.4 to 1.3) –3.1 (–5.2 to –0.9) 12.4 (–13.8 to 38.6) –2.7 (–4.4 to –1.1)
Tanzania 5.6 (4.6 to 6.5) 8.0 (6.0 to 10.0) 1.0 (0.4 to 1.6) –7.0 (–9.1 to –4.9) 12.2 (3.9 to 20.5) –6.8 (–8.6 to –4.9)
Togo 36.4 (33.3 to 39.5) 49.1 (44.1 to 54.0) 9.2 (6.0 to 12.4) –39.8 (–45.7 to –33.9) 18.8 (12.1 to 25.6) –35.2 (–40.2 to –30.2)
Uganda 20.1 (17.2 to 22.9) 29.8 (24.5 to 35.1) 4.0 (2.1 to 5.9) –25.8 (–31.6 to –20.1) 13.3 (6.4 to 20.3) –19.4 (–24.0 to –14.9)
  1. Microscopy-confirmed malaria prevalence (percent) in children aged 6–59 months assessed in a representative sub-sample of the Demographic and Health Survey/Malaria Indicator Survey (DHS/MIS) surveyed population. 95% confidence intervals adjusted for survey design are reported in parenthesis. Prevalence estimates according to rapid diagnostic tests are reported in Additional file 5
  2. aData drawn from a subset of countries with Demographic and Health Survey/Malaria Indicator Survey conducted after 2010 (ISO3 codes and years of data collection are detailed in Additional file 1: Table SA1)