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Table 2 Predictors of inpatient mortality of non-severe pneumonia in children under 5 years

From: An exploration of mortality risk factors in non-severe pneumonia in children using clinical data from Kenya

Predictors Adjusted odds ratio (95% confidence interval) p value
Age < 12 months (Ref: ≥ 12 months) 2.89 (2.17–3.85) <0.001
Female (Ref: Male) 1.52 (1.17–1.96) 0.002
Respiratory rate ≥ 70 breaths/min (Ref: < 70) 2.49 (1.91–3.25) <0.001
Temperature ≥ 39 °C (Ref: < 39 °C) 1.98 (1.38–2.84) <0.001
Pallor (Ref: No pallor)
Mild/moderate pallor 4.36 (2.88–6.58) <0.001
Severe pallor 4.37 (2.13–8.96) <0.001
Some dehydration (Ref: No dehydration) 1.06 (0.67–1.67) 0.819
WAZ (Ref: Normal WAZ)
Low WAZ 2.08 (1.48–2.92) <0.001
Very low WAZ 3.66 (2.59–5.18) <0.001
Hospital in malaria endemic area 1.3 (1–1.69) 0.047
Non-severe malaria (Ref: No malaria) 0.81 (0.52–1.27) 0.36
Presence of comorbiditya 1.91 (1.4–2.6) <0.001
  1. N = 10,687. Outcome = inpatient mortality
  2. WAZ weight-for-age Z-score
  3. aAdmission diagnosis of malaria, diarrhoea, dehydration and anaemia considered