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Table 1 General characteristics of the study population

From: Comprehensive metabolic profiling of chronic low-grade inflammation among generally healthy individuals

  Men (n = 415) Women (n = 510) P
Age, years 50 (40–61) 51 (41–60) 0.86
Smoking, %    <0.01
Never smoker 30.8 50.6  
Ex-smoker 46.0 29.2  
Current smoker 23.1 20.2  
Physical activity (≥1 h per week), % 72.8 73.5 0.82
Waist circumference, cm 94 (87–102) 81 (74–90) <0.01
Glucose, mmol/L 5.4 (5.1–5.8) 5.2 (4.9–5.6) <0.01
Triglycerides, mmol/L 1.32 (0.93–1.93) 1.16 (0.85–1.61) <0.01
Cholesterol, mmol/L 5.4 (4.6–6.1) 5.5 (4.9–6.3) <0.01
eGFR, mL/min/1.72 m2 117 (108–125) 112 (103–121) <0.01
WBC, Gpt/L 5.34 (4.64–6.35) 5.50 (4.78–6.47) 0.18
Fibrinogen, g/L 2.80 (2.30–3.30) 3.10 (2.60–3.50) <0.01
hsCRP, mg/L 1.00 (0.55–1.83) 1.26 (0.67–2.83) <0.01
  1. Continuous data are expressed as median (25th percentile–75th percentile); nominal data are given as percentages
  2. 2 (nominal data) or Mann–Whitney (interval data) tests were performed
  3. eGFR estimated glomerular filtration rate, WBC white blood cell count, hsCRP high-sensitive C-reactive protein